W6-Kaldis-100Flwrs.GreatWind.BB.LectureNotes_2_ -...

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20 TH -CENTURY CHINESE LITERATURE IN TRANSLATION: the 100 Flowers & Anti-rightist campaign: NK LECTURE.BB.NOTES Kaldis 1 _______________________________________________________________________________________ The 100 Flowers & The Anti-rightist Backlash Campaigns, 1956-’57 Zhou Enlai announced a newer, more liberal policy toward intellectuals in a speech given in January of 1956. On May 2nd, 1956, Mao gave his speech encouraging intellectuals to fight bureaucratism and attack those few party members who were abusing power or misguided in their political practices. At first, intellectuals were wary of making any criticism of the party, but Mao continued to urge them to offer critique. By May and June of 1957, the response was overwhelming and disturbed Mao. He now felt betrayed by the intellectuals; their numerous harsh criticisms of the party’s treatment of the educated, technological experts, artists, and writers, led Mao in mid-June, 1957 to turn on these critics and label them “counterrevolutionaries/Rightists,” meaning those with counterrevolutionary
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course ASIAN 261 taught by Professor Kaldis during the Winter '11 term at University of Michigan.

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W6-Kaldis-100Flwrs.GreatWind.BB.LectureNotes_2_ -...

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