PHE-340 Final Project.docx - 7-2 Final Project Submission...

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2 7-2 Final Project Submission: Analysis and Recommendations PHE-340 Final Project: Analysis and Recommendations Stephanie Waite Southern New Hampshire University Professor Suzanne Lineberry 8-16-2020
2 7-2 Final Project Submission: Analysis and Recommendations I. Introduction Summary A main problem in public health today is the high incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STD’s). More than 12 million people, a quarter of them teenagers, are infected with some type of STD every year. Almost all sexually transmitted diseases are spread through sexual intercourse, which can include vaginal, anal, and less commonly oral. The top five most common STD’s are Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, HIV, Hepatitis B, and Syphilis. STDs affects men and women of all ages and can cause serious, life-threatening health issues that include, but are not limited to, infertility, certain cancers, and numerous pregnancy complications. (Eng & Butler, 1997). The state of Illinois is required by law to report cases of STD’s and their top three are Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis. Effective ways to avoid STD’s are abstinence, being in a monogamous relationship with a partner who does not have an STD, and to use condoms. Public Health Issue Sexually transmitted diseases are a big issue in the public health policy. The importance of these STD’s is not only about their high incidence but also the complications they can cause. A recent increase in STD rates have prompted the search for control strategies, but implementation has been difficult. Many prevention programs on promoting responsible sexual behavior, early detection and treatment, and reducing infection, have been employed all around the world. (Agozzino, Attena, and D’Agostino, 2004). STD’s are a daunting health problem. While the considerable morbidity caused by STDs is extensively known, there has been little attention paid as to what the costs are. Economic consequences of STDs are becoming more of an essential precedent in determining the importance of this problem. (Eng & Butler, 1997).
2 7-2 Final Project Submission: Analysis and Recommendations Population There is no specific population that is affected by sexually transmitted diseases. It affects males and females of all ages however; it seems more prevalent in men and women between the ages of 15-24 as well as gay and bisexual men who have unprotected sex with other men. Adolescents and young adults account for half of the 20 million people that are diagnosed in the U.S. every year. Sexually active adolescents ages 15-19 and young adults ages 20-24 are at higher risk because of behavioral, biological, and cultural reasons. The higher prevalence of STD’s among adolescents is reflective by certain obstacles in access to preventative services, a lack of insurance, little or no transportation, limited facilities, and confidentiality. Adolescents are also especially at risk because they are undergoing rapid cognitive, behavioral, emotional, and social development. (CDC.gov).

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