cultural psychology lecture 1

cultural psychology lecture 1 - Understanding...

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Understanding Cross-Cultural Psychology
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What is Cross-Cultural Psychology Definition: critical and comparative study of cultural effects on human psychology Comparative field which means any conclusions drawn are from at least two samples that represent at least two cultural groups Act of comparison requires a set of particular critical skills (i.e., requires critical thinking)
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People learn to take action, feel, and understand events around them according to Parent’s wishes Societal requirements Traditions of their ancestors
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The way people learn to relate to the world through feelings and ideas affect what the individuals do/behave
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Cross-cultural Psychology examines: Diversity and underlying reasons for diversity From a comparative perspective, the links between cultural norms and behaviors and the ways in which particular human activities are influences by different/dissimilar social and cultural forces Example: do disaster survivors experience similar painful symptoms across cultures
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Cross cultural psychology also examines: Cross cultural interactions Not only differences between cultural groups but it also establishes psychological universals (phenomena common for people) Example: personality traits – same composition of personality is common in people of various countries Neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness
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Cross-cultural psychology must rely on contemporary methods of scientific investigations Does not rely on single observations or just anecdote or witnessing some event Based on systematic comparisons of behavior and experience measured under different cultural conditions
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Differences between Cultural Psychology and Cross-cultural Psychology Cultural Psychology: Seeks to discover meaningful links between cultures Human behavior is meaning only when viewed in the sociocultural context in which it occurs Overall focus is to study whether, when, and how individuals growing up in particular culture tend to internalize that culture’s qualities Advocates the idea that mental processes are products of interaction between culture and person
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Definition of Culture Culture is a set of attitudes, beliefs, behaviors, and symbols shared by a large group of people Usually communicated from one generation to the next
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Attitudes includes beliefs (political, ideological, religious,moral,etc.), values, general knowledge (empirical and theoretical), opinions, superstitions, and stereotypes Behaviors include a variety of norms, roles, customs, traditions, habits, practices, and fashion
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Symbols: represents things or ideas, the meaning of which is bestowed on them by people Take form of a material object, color, sound, slogan, building, etc. . People attach specific meaning to specific symbols and
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2012 for the course PSYC 354 taught by Professor Orehek during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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cultural psychology lecture 1 - Understanding...

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