Study_guide_2_2012 - BS 111 Study Guide 2 (Kopachik)...

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BS 111 Study Guide 2 (Kopachik) Hydrocarbons/ Functional Groups Ch. 4 pp. 60-66 Define, describe or illustrate the following vocabulary terms and use the term in context in a sentence. Amino: Asymmetric carbon: attached to four different atoms or groups of atoms Carbonyl: Carboxyl: Cis isomer: two Xs are on same side Dephosphorylation Enantiomer: isomers that rae mirror images of each other and that differ in shape due to presence of an asymmetric carbon Functional group: chemical groups affect molecular function by being directly involved in chemical reactions Geometric isomer: carbons have covalent bond to the same atoms, but these atoms differ in their spatial arrangement due to the inflexibility of double bond Hydrocarbon: organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen Hydroxyl: Methyl group: not reactive Phosphate : Phosphorylation Structural isomer: differ in the covalent arrangement of their atom Sulfhydryl: Tetrahedron: Trans isomer: two Xs are on opposite site 对对对 Main points of this lecture: 1. Carbon is an especially fit molecule for making compounds of life. It forms 4 nonpolar covalent
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Study_guide_2_2012 - BS 111 Study Guide 2 (Kopachik)...

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