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Unformatted text preview: Study Guide 5 Carbohydrates (Kopachik) Terms to know: alpha bond beta bond Carbohydrate: include sugars and polymer of sugars Cellulose: beta 1-4 linkage straight chain broken down by microbial enzymes Chitin: Insect exo-skeleton Glycogen: a mixture of C1 to C6, C1 to C4, and C1 to C3 making a branched chain form for energy storage in animals in liver and muscles Glycolipid: a lipid with one or more covalently attached carbohydrates Glycoprotein: a protein with one or more covalently attached carbohydrates Glycosidic bond Hexose Monosaccharide: have molecular formulas that are some multiple of the unit CH 2 O. glucose is the most common one Pentose Peptidoglycan: In bacterial cell wall Polysaccharide: macromolecules, polymers with a few hundred to a few thousand monosaccharides joined by glycosidic linkages Starch: alpha 1-4 linkage straight chain broken down by alpha amylases Triose Main points: 1. Carbohydrates are polyhydroxylic aldoses or ketoses with the most common having 3, 5 or 6 1....
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- Fall '11