HofferTest1 - Patrick Lee Test 1- Hoffer Lochner v. New...

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Patrick Lee Test 1- Hoffer Lochner v. New York Lochner v. New York was a very influential case taken through the ranks of the court system in the early 20 th Century concerning workers’ hours. Lochner was fined for violating the rules set in the Bakeshop Act, limiting the amount of hours workers could labor in a bakery. Although lower courts ruled in favor of New York, the Supreme Court decided to rule in favor of Lochner, which set precedent for future rulings striking down progressive legislation. This era of laissez-faire economics was known as the Lochner Era. According to facts of law and evidence, the Supreme Court made the correct ruling by favoring Lochner and striking down the Bakeshop Act. Lochner challenged in his Supreme Court appeal that the Bakeshop Act violated the rights set in the 14 th Amendment of the Constitution. At first, the 14 th Amendment was written to protect the civil rights of freed slaves from having property or rights taken away by the state. Lochner claimed to have a right to contract protected by the 14 th Amendment as precedented by the Supreme Court’s establishment of Substantive Due Process in cases like Dred Scott v. Sandford and the Slaughterhouse cases, saying that there was a limit on the amount of control a government had over an individual.
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2012 for the course HIST 4000 taught by Professor Hoffer during the Summer '10 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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HofferTest1 - Patrick Lee Test 1- Hoffer Lochner v. New...

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