Chapter+Two

Chapter+Two - Chapter Two Elements of Social Theory Quick...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter Two Elements of Social Theory Quick Review Paradigms Ways of seeing the world that dominate at any one time Frames of reference that organize thinking Paradigm shifts Theories Systematic sets of interrelated statements that explain an aspect of social life Theories flesh out paradigms-they are how we What do numbers mean? They can have symbolic value Used to justify a course of action What else can we learn from this number? They can have instrumental value As in an aid to planning How can we use this number to change something? What do numbers mean, cont. Statistics/numbers are often posed as truth and our society places high value on them. But, numbers can be collected and statistics presented to reflect the interests of an institution, business, or similar entities A society that possesses numerical literacy knows how to critique research and the facts that result from it What role do numbers play? Recent example: Zadroga Bill to compensate the medical costs of approximately 4,000 Sept 11 first responders Instrumental value Numbers help lawmakers and health Numbers can be thought of in three ways As objective truth Numbers as facts not to be questioned As subjective accounts...
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Chapter+Two - Chapter Two Elements of Social Theory Quick...

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