MIDTERM 4 STUDY GUIDE

MIDTERM 4 STUDY GUIDE - Midterm 4 Study Guide Psychological...

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Midterm 4 Study Guide 01:05 Psychological Disorders: Defining Psychological Disorder 3 criteria that distinguish disordered from healthy Deviant: different from the norm, different form what most people do Distressing: leads to real discomfort or anguish (either in person or others) Dysfunctional: behavior interfere with everyday functioning and can occasionally be a risk to oneself or others Axis I Disorders: in the DSM-IV-TR, the major clinical syndromes that cause significant impairment Syndromes: groups of clusters of related symptoms that are characteristic of a disorder Axis II Disorders: in DSM-IV-TR, the more long-standing personality disorders as well as mental retardation Tend to appear in childhood or adolescence More difficult to treat than Axis I disorders Comorbitity: coexistence of 2 or more disorders Baron: thought and behavior that is maladaptive and causes the individual distress Abnormal: deviates from the norm Maladaptive: behavior is disruptive Personal distress A pattern of behavior can be considered a psychological disorder if it satisfies 3 conditions Person experience significant pain or distress, an inability to work or play, an increase risk of death or a loss of freedom in important areas of life The source of the problem resides within the person, due to biological factors, learned habit or mental processes and is not simply a normal response to specific life events such as the death of a loved one The problem is not deliberate reaction sot conditions such as poverty, prejudice, government policy or other conflicts with society Anxiety Disorder: Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): state of pervasive and excessive anxiety lasting at least 6 months
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More women than men Unspecific anxiety Diffused sense of arousal 4-6% of population has GAD Symptoms: Sense of excessive anxiety in worry that occurs more days than not in a period of 6 months Difficulty controlling anxiety Feel restless or tense Complain about feeling fatigue Hard time concentrating Hard time falling asleep or staying asleep Problems with muscle tension Irritability Frequent urination Jittery Tenseness Sweaty palms Increased heart rate Typical age of onset: early 20’s Tends to be gradual Can be caused by stressful life events Tends to become chronic with periods where symptoms are worse Treatment: Psychotherapy should be used initially
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Relaxation techniques can be useful for decreasing overall level of arousal Cognitive therapy helps by having individual view their worries and concerns realistically Make places on how to deal with their symptoms Biological treatments: Anti-anxiety medications go for GABA systems Increase the amount of GABA in the brain Alcohol works on GABA Herbal remedies Antidepressants Beta blockers to decrease physiological signs If physiological signals toned down, you’ll be less focused on your anxiety Panic Disorder With or Without Agoraphobia:
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2012 for the course PSYCH 202 taught by Professor Roberts during the Spring '06 term at Wisconsin.

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MIDTERM 4 STUDY GUIDE - Midterm 4 Study Guide Psychological...

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