Final Exam Questions 1. The Reagan administration popularized a policy known as “devolution.” Explain what devolution is, how it was successful, and how it was unsuccessful. Also discuss why presidents after Reagan may have weakened “devolution”, although none has specifically disavowed it totally. 2. One of the key ideas in our modern federalist system of governance is that of vertical federalism. Discuss why vertical federalism has become more important since the beginning of the 20 th century. How has the shift to cooperative federalism expanded the idea of vertical federalism? 3. All U.S. presidents from President Johnson onward, with the possible exception of Reagan, believed/believe in the ideal of cooperative federalism, regardless of political party. Please discuss why cooperative federalism is especially popular among both political parties nationally. Furthermore, explain how the national government has made cooperative federalism more appealing for the states to participate heavily in. 4.
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