POLI E470 1905-1960

POLI E470 1905-1960 - economic projects and for schools...

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POLI E470 1905-1960 1. End of dual federalism a. Gradual shifts in demographics b. Damage to patronage system weakens state and local governments c. Issues in policies such as income tax fight d. Early transfers from state to local governments, mostly for schools e. Pendleton Act-Almost all new national gov. employees must be merit-based; introduction of civil service exam 2. New Deal a. President FDR felt need to make large-scale economic policy b. U.S. Supreme Court tried to resist; rest of country was on FDR’s side, including Congress c. “Switch that saved nine” is the end of the Supreme Court’s resistance in 1937 d. Some expansion of federal to state aid and state to local aid, mostly for large-scale
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Unformatted text preview: economic projects and for schools; some early road funding as well. Most is for temporary project grants, NOT large-scale categorical grants until Eisenhower and Johnson administrations 3. Post-New Deal-Focus on Eisenhower admin a. Conservatives dominate in Congress-Republicans and Southern Democrats b. Still largely decentralized federalist system; states still have power over many areas. c. Expansion of GI Bill, subsidies for farmers, Interstate Highway Act. d. Large increases of federal funding to states, mostly for schools, roads, airport expansion projects. e. Still no direct funding from federal government to municipalities and school districts....
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