Ch 10 decision making

Ch 10 decision making - Part IV: Making and Implementing...

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Part IV: Making and Implementing  Part IV: Making and Implementing  Government Decisions Government Decisions
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Chapter 10: Decision Making Chapter 10: Decision Making
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Decision Making and Public Administration Herbert Simon (1945): “a theory of administration should be concerned with the processes of decision as well as with the processes of action.” Different decision-making theories have struggled for acceptance.
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Central issues Information information sufficiency information asymmetry Values efficiency, effectiveness, equity, diversity
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Goals for Each Approach Each approach must rectify issues surrounding information and values. Both information and values constantly intermingle as administrators seek to make decisions.
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Information Information is the basic raw material of decisions. Decision makers must acquire, weigh, and act on the data they collect. Information is rarely an abstract truth, but rather a matter of interpretation. Who has the information? How do they and others look at the information?
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Values How do political values affect decisions? Decisions depend on judgments: about the nature of the dilemma, the probabilities of events, and the desirability of consequences. Decisions require political support from The general public The attentive public: groups that have a salient interest in the agency
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Decision-Making Approaches Rational approach: perhaps the classic approach; builds on the work of microeconomists (who seek to explain the behavior of individuals and firms) and holds efficiency as the highest value Bargaining approach: seeks to maximize political support
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Ch 10 decision making - Part IV: Making and Implementing...

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