Ch 04 foundations of org theory

Ch 04 foundations of org theory - Chapter 4: Foundations of...

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Chapter 4: Chapter 4:     Foundations of  Foundations of  Organizational Theory Organizational Theory
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Org Structure: shape Org structure : a formal arrangement of the relationships among the positions and persons engaged in the administrative enterprise. Hierarchy: a clear vertical chain of command in which each unit is subordinate to the one above and superior to the one below it The most common features of government
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Look familiar Org Leaders Level II manager Level 1 manager Level II manager Level II manager Level II manager Level II manager Level II manager Level II manager
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Power: who get what, when and how? Authority: government has rightful power to make decisions within constitutionally defined limits, with the expectation of widespread compliance Shape the fundamental relationships.
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What does authority come from? The people and constitution—ultimate authority Delegated to major bodies (with limitations on scope and kind of authority) Further delegated to subordinate agencies (administrative authority )
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Administrative authority: 1: legitimacy is delegated from top level officials or elected politicians. Expectations on citizens to comply 2: administrative authority can be superseded by superior agencies. Limitations on that expectation
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How to structure authority? presumptions 1: principals and agents Principals: elected officials who make policy and delegate responsibility to public administrators Agents: administrators charged with carrying out the law; organizations established to do the work 2: Narrow, defined specialization 3: Internal specialized structure
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specialization Functional specialization: Labor specialization: tasks divided into jobs Pro: specialization improves productivity Con: risk of over specialization
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2012 for the course POLI 370 taught by Professor Su during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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Ch 04 foundations of org theory - Chapter 4: Foundations of...

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