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Unformatted text preview: 4. Discuss the structure of the federal court system in terms of a vertical hierarchy and the horizontal relationships among courts at the same level. How does legal doctrine spread in the vertical hierarchy? How does legal doctrine spread in the horizontal relationships? What implications do these structures have on the adoption of common law throughout the United States? 5. One of the key structural differences between state courts and federal courts is their method of judicial retention. In federal courts, all judges (at the district level or higher), once confirmed by the Senate, may remain on the court indefinitely assuming good behavior. In practice, this term means that federal judges may remain on the bench for life. In contrast, many states use election or merit retention systems. Are judicial elections beneficial or detrimental to the practice of democracy? Please explain the benefits and drawbacks of both judicial selection philosophies...
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- Summer '11