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Unformatted text preview: 4) Write out the name in the format #,#-prefix substituent-#-prefix substituent parentalkane Examples: 1 2 5 6 9 2,6-dimethyl-5-propyl nonane 1 2 3 7 3-ethyl-2-methyl heptane not 3-i sopropyl heptane Cl 1 4 2 5 6 4-tert-butyl-6-chloro-2,3-dimethyl heptane Ken Shimizu Branched Alkanes: Common names (not IUPAC) isopropyl isobutyl sec-butyl tert-butyl IUPAC names: isopropyl = (1-methylethyl) isobutyl = (2-methylpropyl) sec-butyl = (1-methylpropyl) tert-butyl = (2,2-dimethylethyl) Other Functional Groups F fluoro Cl chloro Br bromo I iodo phenyl Cycloalkanes (Rings) Parent Structure is the Cycloalkane: cyclopropane cyclobutane cyclopentane cyclohexane Otherwise the naming rule are the same: 1,1-dimethyl cyclohexane 1 2 1-ethyl-2-methyl cyclobutane Number the ring in the direction that gives the lowest numbers.* * If there are two possible directions and places to start then go alphabetically....
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2012 for the course CHEM 333 taught by Professor Lavigne during the Spring '09 term at South Carolina.
- Spring '09