Philosophy Final Review

Philosophy Final Review - Philosophy Final Review What are...

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Unformatted text preview: Philosophy Final Review What are the five branches of philosophy? 1) Metaphysics 2) Epistemology 3) Aesthetics 4) Ethics 5)Logic Metaphysics: Clarifies problems of math and science. Epistemology: Questions the process of human knowledge and how we gather information and assess the world. Aesthetics: Enriches understanding of sensation, perception, and emotion. WWI was the first war to ever be extensively photographed, this war was know as the First high-tech war Modernism in art? In a new, technological world, modernist feel a strong drive to create meaning. The old art, logic, and romanticism just dont seem to make sense in the modern, technological world. Old forms of creativity try to The 20th Century Philosophy What is pragmatism? 1) The value and meaning of an idea or proposition is in whether it is functional and practical. 2) Based in an empiricist tradition. Ideas and propositions ought to be tested. Phenomenology? Principles 1) All consciousness is consciousness of an other, of an externality. Even when consciousness is directed to the self, the self is like an other. 2) Bracket off any metaphysical questions about the being of the object of your intentional conscious mind. You can retain all the sensory information of the phenomena in question without having to argue with skeptics about whether or not What is Existentialism? Stresses the individuals unique position as a self-determining agent responsible for the authenticity of his or her choices. 1) Existentialists dont deny objective knowledge, but they are interested in the possibility of subjective or personal knowledge and truths. 2) Existence precedes essence : As far as subjects or people are concerned, Existentialists reject Aristotles idea of telos. We dont have an in- born essence. We are what we make ourselves. 3) Freedom and responsibility to be individuals. Existentialism 2, 3, and 4 in easier words 2) What I am doesnt come from some innate essence. I am what I make myself. 3) Freedom isnt fun. Its the cause of anxiety. 4) The thing is to find a truth that is true to me. To find the Consciousness and Personhood Science can tell us _______ whether or not processes that signify consciousness are going on in a brain/body, but it cant tell us ________ what it feels like to be in that brain or body. Objectively;Subjectively Define objective Being the object of perception or thought; belonging to the object of thought rather than to the thinking subject. Define subjective Relating to or of the nature of an object as it is known in the mind as distinct from a thing in itself. Define Idealism The fundamental causal factor in the world is ideas, concepts, will, beliefs, culture, and theory. Define Materialism The fundamental causal factor in the world is material systems/objects: biological and chemical processes, historical interactions, and economic conditions.conditions....
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2012 for the course PHIL 1305 taught by Professor Gordon during the Spring '08 term at Texas State.

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Philosophy Final Review - Philosophy Final Review What are...

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