beng100chapter16

beng100chapter16 - 1 BENG 100 Frontiers of Biomedical...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 BENG 100 Frontiers of Biomedical Engineering Professor Mark Saltzman Chapter 16 SUMMARY • Scientists have long searched for methods to replace organs that are lost to disease or failing and the last half of the twentieth century saw major progress in artificial kidneys, hearts, and pancreases. • Biomaterials are a critical part of the design of artificial organs; while the perfectly biocompatible material is not yet known, there are many materials that function in the body without many side effects. • The most important biological response to materials in contact with blood is coagulation, whereas the most important response to implanted materials is the foreign body response; the basic mechanisms of these responses are now understood. • Hemodialysis, which is based solidly on engineering principles of biomaterials and molecular separations, is now well integrated into medical care and it prolongs the lives of many people....
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course BENG 100 taught by Professor Marksaltzman during the Spring '08 term at Yale.

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beng100chapter16 - 1 BENG 100 Frontiers of Biomedical...

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