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Unformatted text preview: Open Yale Courses CHEM 125: Freshman Organic Chemistry Lecture 19 - Oxygen and the Chemical Revolution (Beginning to 1789) << previous session | next session >> Overview: This lecture begins a series describing the development of organic chemistry in chronological order, beginning with the father of modern chemistry, Lavoisier. The focus is to understand the logic of the development of modern theory, technique and nomenclature so as to use them more effectively. Chemistry begins before Lavoisier's "Chemical Revolution," with the practice of ancient technology and alchemy, and with discoveries like those of Scheele, the Swedish apothecary who discovered oxygen and prepared the first pure samples of organic acids. Lavoisier's Trait lmentaire de Chimie launched modern chemistry with its focus on facts, ideas, and words. Lavoisier weighed gases and measured heat with a calorimeter, as well as clarifying language and chemical thinking. His key concepts were conservation of mass for the elements andclarifying language and chemical thinking....
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2012.
- Fall '09
- Organic chemistry