L08 - TEP1281 Ethics and Professional Conduct Session 2,...

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Faculty of Information Technology & Faculty of Information Science and Technology , Multimedia University Malaysia TEP1281 Ethics and Professional Conduct Lecture 8 Intellectual Property Disputes in Cyberspace Session 2, 2011/2012
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Faculty of Information Technology & Faculty of Information Science and Technology , Multimedia University Malaysia Contents 1. What is intellectual property? 2. Copyright law and digital media 3. Patents protection 4. Trademarks protection 5. Trade secrets protection 6. Philosophical foundations for intellectual property rights
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Faculty of Information Technology & Faculty of Information Science and Technology , Multimedia University Malaysia Tangible Property • When discussing property , we tend to think of tangible items. • Originally, "property" referred to land. • Property now also includes objects that one can own, such as: – an automobile, – articles of clothing, – a stamp collection. 1
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Faculty of Information Technology & Faculty of Information Science and Technology , Multimedia University Malaysia Property as a “Relational” Concept • Property should not be viewed simply in terms of items or things. • It also describes relationship between individuals in reference to things . • Three elements need to be considered: – an individual ( X ), – an object ( Y ), X's relation to other individuals ( A , B , C , etc.) in reference to Y . 1
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Faculty of Information Technology & Faculty of Information Science and Technology , Multimedia University Malaysia Property as a Form of “Control” X (as the owner of property Y ) can control Y relative to persons A , B , C , and so forth. • If Harry owns a certain object (e.g. a Toshiba laptop computer), then Harry can control who has access to that object and how it is used. – For example, Harry has the right to exclude Sally from using the laptop computer; or he could grant her unlimited access to that computer. • Ownership claims involving "intellectual objects" are both similar to and different from ownership of tangible objects. 1
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Faculty of Information Technology & Faculty of Information Science and Technology , Multimedia University Malaysia Intellectual Objects • The expression intellectual objects refers to various forms of intellectual property. • Intellectual property consists of “objects” that are not tangible. • Non-tangible or "intellectual" objects represent creative works and inventions, i.e., the manifestations or expressions of ideas. 1
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Faculty of Information Technology & Faculty of Information Science and Technology , Multimedia University Malaysia Intellectual vs. Tangible Objects • Tangible objects are exclusionary in nature. – If Harry owns a laptop computer (a physical object),
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L08 - TEP1281 Ethics and Professional Conduct Session 2,...

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