L10 - TEP1281 Ethics and Professional Conduct Session 2,...

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Faculty of Information Technology & Faculty of Information Science and Technology , Multimedia University Malaysia TEP1281 Ethics and Professional Conduct Lecture 10 The Digital Divide & Transformation of Work Session 2, 2011/2012
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Faculty of Information Technology & Faculty of Information Science and Technology , Multimedia University Malaysia Contents 1. The Digital Divide 2. Statistics 3. Is the Digital Divide an Ethical Issue ? 4. Do We Have a Moral Obligation to Bridge the Digital Divide ? 5. Positive vs Negative Rights 6. 7. 8. Gender bias in Video Games 9. 10. Transformation of Work in the Era of Cybertechnology 11. Quality of Worklife 12. A Code of Ethics for Employee Monitoring 13. Email Privacy and Employer Policies
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Faculty of Information Technology & Faculty of Information Science and Technology , Multimedia University Malaysia The Digital Divide • The phrase ―the digital divide,‖ coined in the 1990s, is a new label for an old concept involving information ―haves‖ and ―have-nots.‖ The digital divide is now used to describe the disparity between those who have access to Internet technology and those who do not. 1
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Faculty of Information Technology & Faculty of Information Science and Technology , Multimedia University Malaysia Digital Divide (Continued) • Benjamin Compaine (2001) defines the digital divide as the perceived gap between those who have and those who do not have either: (a) access to cybertechnology, (b) the knowledge and ability to use that technology. 1
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Faculty of Information Technology & Faculty of Information Science and Technology , Multimedia University Malaysia Digital Divide (Continued) • The digital divide exists at two distinct levels: (i) a “global digital divide” between developed and developing nations. (ii) a divide between groups within developed nations, based on factors such as income and education. 1
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Faculty of Information Technology & Faculty of Information Science and Technology , Multimedia University Malaysia The Global Digital Divide • In 2000, it was estimated that 429 million people (approximately 6% of the world's population) were online globally. • 68% of those online in 2000 lived in North America and Europe. • Two billion people in the world didn’t even have electricity, and in developing countries, there were roughly 69 phones for every 1000 people ( 2000 Human Development Report ). 1
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University Malaysia Statistics from the 2000 Human Development Report • In 2000, the developing nation of Nepal had: approximately 35,000 Internet users in a population of 21 million people; only 15% of houses with electricity (2000 Human Development Report). 2
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2012 for the course IT 1281 taught by Professor Ain during the Spring '11 term at Multimedia University, Cyberjaya.

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L10 - TEP1281 Ethics and Professional Conduct Session 2,...

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