transcript02

transcript02 - transcript02.html Introduction to Ancient...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 2/7/12 transcript02.html Introduction to Ancient Greek Histor : Lec S 11, 2007<< P ofe o Donald Kagan: I' , I , .S , , .T ' W , P .C .A .B .T .I O W , , ' A .H , , ' 3000 B.C. I ; ' , .A B B A , A -A . , .E , -- e 2 T an c ip G .T , I .S S .T B 2900. A -, S .T , .T ' , C .T .S A .B , . . E , , -, M E , I . .S A , N P , I ' H C .I K M M . C .W C , --I C G M M C .I B A , W K B M M , ' , A N , E , E .T I , T .I, , . ; , , .A I , , , M V ,E V , , M I N , S C:/Users/JIMMIN~1/AppData/Local/Temp/Rar$EX13.101/ /transcript02.html 1/12 2/7/12 transcript02.html , M T -B A G .S , C , ' , .S .S , .T M , , .W . , G .T .I' .T ; ' G A M , .W G , , M G A , .T .A ' K .I , -, ' , L .W E -.T A L B, C , , .I I , K , .I .B ' ' G , . C .N , ; B A , M , , , G S , C .A 1900 B.C. W 2000 B.C., ,I ' , .S ' .W ' , G , G , , G .S ' .T , , .B -M .T E . , ' , G ?W , G , , .S , , I , , G . W , G M . N , T ' H , A , Iliad , P Od sse , M M , 1100, P 1600 , T , .I .T .S , -, ' ; C:/Users/JIMMIN~1/AppData/Local/Temp/Rar$EX13.101/ /transcript02.html 2/12 2/7/12 transcript02.html anal i ha he e e diffe en , and he co ld ell hich piece belonged o hich. Linea A i ea lie and i i a ocia ed i h and i i clea l he lang age ed b he Minoan king a Kno o and o he place . Linea B e emble Linea A, b i i clea l diffe en and la e , and one ea on e kno ha come mo l f om a ig aph , b e can al o ell beca e i ' a m ch imple c ip , b b no mean imple. The e a e no alphabe ; he e a e llaba ie , e e mbol ep e en a llable; in o he o d , picall o le e a he han one. Tha ' a nice ep o e ha ing load , and load , and load of mbol ep e en ing lo of hing hich i e mo e of Linea A han Linea B, b i ' ill-- e' e alking abo ome hing app oaching i mbol in a llaba and hen o hink abo ho ha d i i o lea n o ead hen o ' e onl ing en - i mbol , and ho fe Ame ican do lea n o ead, hich I keep eading in he pape --i ' no an ea hing. I ' no a imple ma e . Imagine ha i o ld be like if o had o lea n abo i ch hing ? Well, of co e, ha follo f om all of ha i ha o dina people did no . Wha e lea n l ima el f om o deciphe men of Linea B-- hich I' e j kipped o e , hich a done in he 1950' b a b illian o ng a chi ec , ho lo ed ol ing p oblem of hi kind, he a able o di co e ha hi a an ea l fo m of G eek and ha he co ld e en iall make o ha i aid. A fi he e a do b and con o e , hich ha comple el gone a a , a mo e and mo e e ample of hi i ing ha e become a ailable and chola a e no able, b and la ge, o be confiden ha he kno ha he e hing a . So, he fac ha hi a a G eek c ip ha a a ailable in he M cenaean Pe iod ell e confiden l ha he M cenaean e e G eek . B of co e, a lo a kno n abo he e M cenaean ell befo e he llaba a deciphe ed. I ' o h a ing a o d abo ha , beca e I an o nde mine an g ea confidence ha o ma ha e and ha o can belie e ha chola ell o , beca e e keep finding o ho ong e a e abo all kind of hing . I o ld a , if o alked in o he leading ni e i ie in he o ld, he e o ld p obabl be Ge man in he 1850' and o en o he cla ic people, and o aid, " ell, o kno Home o e abo he e place , M cenae and o he place , can o ell me he e ha a ?" The o ld a , "Yo ill fello , ha ' j o ie , ha ' m holog , ha ' poe . The e ne e a an Agamemnon, he e ne e a a M cenae, he e i n' an ch hing." Then in 1870, a Ge man b ine man b he name of Hein ich Schliemann, ho had no had he benefi of a ni e i ed ca ion and didn' kno ha a fool and ho igno an he a , belie ed Home , and he aid he an ed o look fo T o . So, he en o he e people ho gh T o migh be and he began digging he e, and befo e o kno i , he di co e ed a mo nd filled i h ci ie , hich he belie ed a T o . And af e he al amo n of chola l deba e, he e eem o be no do b ha i a he Ci of T o . So ha ing cceeded i h ha , he ho gh ell, no ha I' e een T o , ho abo M cenae? Off he en o he no hea Peloponne o he i e he e he ho gh i migh be, M cenae, f om Home ' acco n --I o ldn' be elling o hi o , and o kno he o come. He fo nd i and i a he e ca a ion of he i e of M cenae hich a oon follo ed b he e ca a ion of o he i e f om he ame pe iod ha made i po ible fo people o alk abo hi c l e, e en befo e he co ld ead he c ip . The c l e i ma ked b ome of he follo ing fea e . Le ' ake M cenae, hich i ma be he be e ample of he hole c l e. Ce ainl , i ' a pe fec model fo ha e' e alking abo . Wha o ha e o begin i h i a o n o a ci , o a e lemen of ome kind b il on op of a hill, and i ' all in ended o be a fo midable hill, one no ea il acce ible o an bod ho come alking along, a place, in o he o d , ha o ld make a e nice fo , a ci adel. Tha ' , indeed, ha e find a M cenae. On ha ci adel, on ha ongl , ock fo o ci adel, he b il ha e no iden if a he o al palace, he palace of he king. Tha a , I ho ld poin o , ma be abo en mile f om he ea. No , no all M cenaean i e a e o fa f om he ea; ome of hem a e C:/Users/JIMMIN~1/AppData/Local/Temp/Rar$EX13.101/ /transcript02.html 3/12 2/7/12 transcript02.html clo e , b ha i ' impo an o a i ha none of hem a e igh on he ea. The ' e al a back ome fe mile . The ea on fo ha I hink i ha he ea l ime in hich he e ci ili a ion a o e a all kind of dange coming, and he mo -- he if e , he lea pec ed, he one ha co ld come pon o o e nigh came f om he ea. People ho came b land o o ld be hea ing mbling abo do n he oad f om illage ha e e p ead o , b if omebod come in f om he ea on a hip, o ma find hem he e in he mo ning and o don' kno ha ' ha . So he idea fo ec i and afe , he b il hei e a e fa f om he ea, b no fa beca e a e hall ee he M cenaean ci ili a ion a a comme cial one ha elied fo i eal h pon ade and ha mean ade b ea, mo e han b land. The ci adel i al a o nded b fa mland, and, of co e, o canno li e in ancien ocie if o a e no o nded b fa mland, beca e he food ha come f om he oil i e en ial fo life, and o can' co n on ade o p o ide i o o i h an ec i . La e on hen ime a e mo e ec e, he e' ade fo g ain a ell fo e e hing el e, b hen o ' e e ling a place in he fi place, o can' el on omebod b inging i o o . Yo ' e going o ha e o o n people o king i , and b inging i p o o hem el e . So, he ci adel and he fa mland o nding i , make p f ndamen all he ni hich i he M cenaean kingdom. Well, he fi hing ha Schliemann fo nd hen he d g a M cenae a hi ema kable ci cle of g a e , hich e e haf d g aigh do n in o he oil, and he a e efe ed o, o hi da , echnicall a haf g a e , and hen in o he place no e fa f om ha main hill, he fo nd e en mo e ema kable b ial , ha e call beehi e omb . J imagine a h ge beehi e, in hich le ' a , he cen e of he in ide of ha migh be a m ch a fif fee high o mo e, and he e e e b il of e ao dina il h ge, hea one and e ell o ked oo. He e' he ma elo hing. The ea on he had o nco e i a ha beehi e omb , like e e hing el e, e e b ied. Thi a n' j he e l of cen ie of neglec , i i clea ha he e e b il in o de o be b ied. Tha i o a , i a ome kind of a big eligio hing going on he e, he e he king--i a ob io l a o al hing beca e he co of i a o eno mo ; nobod el e co ld affo d a omb of ha kind. So, he e a a o al omb clo ed fo e e and e b il a a fan a ic e pen e and eno mo kind of labo . The ame i e in a gene al a of ha e find in he o al palace p on op of he hill a M cenae, and o ha i pe fec l clea i he people ho led he e place e e eno mo l po e f l, a lea locall , and eal h . E en if o imagine ha la e did he o k, o o ld need a hell of a lo of hem, o e a long pe iod of ime, and o had o feed hem, if no hing el e. So, e a e alking abo a eal h g o p, and of co e, he hing ha ck Schliemann almo ama ingl a ha in he ci cle of g a e ha e' e been alking abo , he fo nd all kind of p ecio hing b ied. The mo iking of hich e e dea h ma k made of p e gold on he emain of he bod , b al o je el , and implemen , and eapon of e high e pen e. Tha ' ha , of co e, make i clea he e e o al; b he a , he e a e onl a fe of he e g a e o e a la ge pe iod of ime. So, o m imagine he e a e cce i e king ho a e being b ied in hi , ha m ha e been, ac ed oil. So, ha make i clea e' e alking abo a eal h ci ili a ion, a lea in hich he le a e eal h , and in hich he le , of co e, a e e po e f l. No , ha e lea n, bo h f om a chaeolog and f om efe ence in he Linea B able i ha he engaged-he e c l e engaged in ade o a ignifican deg ee. Yo find M cenaean elemen , ool , o he hing , po e pa ic la l of a ce ain kind, all o e he Medi e anean Sea. Yo find i in da able place and ha ' h e can gi e hi ome kind of da e, ch a in Eg p . The M cenaean had eg la ade i h Eg p . We find Eg p ian hing in M cenae and ice e a, and al o p e mabl , m ch of i m ha e gone in o Me opo amia; ome of i en all he a o he We e n Medi e anean. Thi a a ci ili a ion ha a no h in on i elf, b a in C:/Users/JIMMIN~1/AppData/Local/Temp/Rar$EX13.101/ /transcript02.html 4/12 2/7/12 transcript02.html touch with the entire Mediterranean region. The major thing they seem to be selling were aromatic oils in little vials. Think of them as some combination of oil and perfume. I better say something about oil in the ancient world, so that you get a grip on what's going on here. The ancient Greeks had no soap. Think about that for a moment. That's a problem, isn't it? Yet, they wanted to get clean and so what device they used was to take oil, typically olive oil, spread it on themselves, then get a scrapper, a metal scrapper, and scrap off the oil with it what was underneath the oil. And then finally, they would take their bath and out they would come and be clean. Now, oil is a wonderful thing; olive oil is a great thing. In certain forms you eat it. The olive itself, you use it to cook with as oil; some people just put oil on their salad. I, myself, can't stand it but--the point is-- but that's not all. If you get oil, crush the oil from the olives that come down from the trees, that's a nasty smell that it has. So if you're going to use it for this purpose, it's not going to be good by itself. You've got to put some nice perfume onto it, in order for it to be useable, just as your soap would be pretty horrible without any perfume on it. So it looks as though what the Mycenaeans did--Greece is filled with wonderful olive trees and so they obviously took the oil from those olives. I'm sure they sold it in various forms, but one of the most popular was for this purpose. Everybody in the Mediterranean wanted it for the same reasons, and obviously these Mycenaean sites had access to what they needed. It looks like, by the way, that they got much of the perfume from areas outside of Greece. Some of the best of it came from northeast Africa, as a matter of fact. You remember the Queen of Sheba from the Bible? I say that, but I shutter to think how many of you have read the Bible, but anyway, she was so rich as to attract the interest of King Solomon, because that's where those wonderful, fine smelling things, frankincense and myrrh, and stuff like that was available--useful for this purpose. So they had to import that to make their goods as saleable as they wanted and so on. So you have trade with the Mediterranean and most especially the eastern Mediterranean, because that's where the older, more sophisticated, more civilized cultures were and that's where wealth was too, compared to what was out in the west. So, that's also the pattern of trade. What you see is a kind of cultural unity, first of all, within the Mycenaean world itself. It is evident that these different Mycenaean towns, all throughout the Greek world, on both sides of the Aegean Sea, were in touch with each other. One of the things that's interesting about that is you can see pottery styles that you can hardly tell whether they came from one end of the Mediterranean or another, if they're of the Mycenaean variety, because it was a single culture. I don't mean there were no local variations, but there was this general unity. I'm going to contrast that with the situation in Greece after the fall of the Mycenaean world, and I was going to say not just in the Mycenaean towns themselves, but over the entire Aegean Sea and indeed across the Mediterranean. In the years of the Mycenaean Period, roughly from 1600 to 1100 or so B.C., you are dealing with a largely unified culture. What is it? What do we talk about the world like these days? What's the clich ? Globalized world; it was a globalized world, except it was a little piece of the globe. But they didn't really know or care about very much outside of the Mediterranean area. Now, in the respects that I have spelled out, and I mean chiefly the fact that they were engaged in commerce and industry to some degree and that they were a trading people and that they were in touch with one another and so on, they were already similar to the civilizations that came before them in the ancient Mediterranean Near East. In those places, in Egypt, the Pharaoh, and in Mesopotamia at first individual city states were ruled in the same way as everybody else I'm going to be talking about now, by somebody who is a king, a monarch, a one-man ruler who is the warlord, commander of the armies, who has the control of the power in the state, but more than that, all the economic activity that we find--and our best example of what I'm about to say is in Mesopotamia--in C:/Users/JIMMIN~1/AppData/Local/Temp/Rar$EX13.101/ /transcript02.html 5/12 2/7/12 transcript02.html he ci ie of Tig e -E ph a e Valle . The le he e, f om hi palace, a i ed b a g o p of b ea c a di ec ed he econom of hi land en i el and f ll . Ag ic l e a o e helmingl he ac i i , he mo impo an ac i i of he people of ha a ea, of an a ea. So, e ha e e idence ha he king doled o eed fo plan ing, in c ed people j e ac l hen o plan , he e o plan , ha o plan he e, hen o fe ili e i if he did. In Me opo amia he all didn' need o beca e he ichne of he oil and o on. In o he o d , o ha e a deg ee of cen ali ed con ol of e, mona chical po e , of a eal h mona chical po e . Al ead he model i he e in A ia. Again, I an o a i ' he ame b in a pecial a in Eg p , beca e in Eg p he hole Nile Valle --beca e I hink of he na e of he Nile Valle --became o all cen ali ed, nde he le of one man, he Pha aoh, and he commanded he hole hing. I ook longe fo an hing like ha o happen in Me opo amia, al ho gh i l ima el did. When e ge , fo in ance, do n o abo 1750 B.C. in Me opo amia, Bab lonia, hich i a ha poin he dominan kingdom of he a ea, King Hamm abi ha j abo he ame po e a a Pha aoh o ld in Eg p . I ' al o o h poin ing o ha he e le had f ll eligio a ho i fo hei le. In he ca e of he Pha aoh of Eg p , he Pha aoh a him elf a god, and in i ed on being o hipped in ha a . In Bab lonia, fo in ance, and hi I hink a pical, Hamm abi a no a god, b a e kno , hank God, b he g ea eel ha he lef , hich i no in he Lo e. The la code of Hamm abi i a ailable o and he e' a p eface o i in hich he ba icall e plain h o ho ld obe he le ha he no i la ing do n fo o . And hi an e i beca e he op god of o o ld, Ma d k, appoin ed me in ha place and I'm doing ha he an me o do, and if o c o me o c o him, and ha ' bad ne . Tha ' a o gh an la ion. So, hi i e impo an . Yo ha e a f ll mona ch in he en e ha bo h-- e in Ame ica alk abo he epa a ion of ch ch and a e, ha i a e a e and n al hing in he hi o of he o ld. The no mal i a ion in c l e p e-ci ili ed and ci ili ed a ell i fo he e o be a ni be een eligio hing and non- eligio hing , and all of ha o be led b a ingle indi id al ho i he mona ch of ha e i o i h eligio anc ion a ell a h o gh hi po e , and h o gh he legi imac of hi de cen . Tha ' he no mal h man a of li ing. Yo ho ld al a be a a e, I hink, abo ho pec lia e a e. We a e he oddball in he hi o of he h man ace, and an bod ho follo o pa e n, and i ' impo an o eali e ha beca e he e' no hing ine i able abo he de elopmen ha ha come abo o be cha ac e i ic of he o ld. When e find people challenging i , I hink he ha e he b lk of ime and h man e pe ience on hei ide hen he a o g go i ong. So, le me a ome hing abo he na e of he ocie and econom ha e find in he M cenaean o ld e ealed bo h b he a chaeolog and b ha e lea n in he eco d p o ided b Linea B. The emain and eco d of he e onghold make i clea ha he poli ical o gani a ion a an imi a ion of o ien al mona ch . The o e eign -- he o e eign a M cenae a he , and a P lo , ano he impo an i e fo he pe iod, and a Thebe , hich a ano he one, a omebod ha he able efe o a he Wana , and ha i he ame a a la e G eek o d hich d op he "W" a he beginning, ana . A e hall ee ha o d in la e ime mean ome po e f l indi id al, b i doe n' mean ha i mean he e, he bo , he ingle mona chical con olle of e e hing. He held a o al domain ha belonged di ec l o him, hich a e ignifican in i e and eal h. He appoin ed b ea c a ic official ; he commanded o al e an and he eco ded o al good , hich b he a , mo of he able a e in en o ie , li of hing ha e i in he palace ha belonged o he king. The e a e o he hing ha ha e o do i h in c ion ha he king i ending o o people f om he palace. The e i no efe ence, in an of he able --I don' kno ho m ch e can make of ha beca e he able C:/Users/JIMMIN~1/AppData/Local/Temp/Rar$EX13.101/ /transcript02.html 6/12 2/7/12 transcript02.html ' .T , A M .T .T F , .C C 20,000. I' , R .W ?T , .T , , 2200 , G M G G , .S , .T 400 T .R M .C S .A A , S , N B .S ' I , S I /transcript02.html , , ,I .T .O , "I . A ." T , , ' , , 526 .W P , .I , , , , I , 400 , , 1200 B.C., .E N D , L .A H , . S , 1200 , -' .C .S , , , 7/12 P . , .I ' .W A , 468 , 25,051, ?W --I T K G , D ; :G , B ' I .A .T -, . , ; M ,A , .W -- , M , P , -- ' E I P Pele , , P P .T , , , .A .I , P ,S , .T C:/Users/JIMMIN~1/AppData/Local/Temp/Rar$EX13.101/ 2/7/12 transcript02.html , O I . , , M .I ' ' -- ' . I' , ?P .S , . .I .A S , , .T , ; ' , , ' .T , , , , 1600, .I .U , . , M , ' ' .I' I .I ' , ' ' , T , T , , .I' I , --I -, .T , .B , , ' , . , , , : . E O A N , M R E , E , .A M G H H .A P , --I .T , . , G E , R , E -- R E A , He aclide . T P , , -P H G W ,H A ' .T G , , D , /transcript02.html G G P , G , D D M .T .A H , D , .I , , .I B.C., ? A C:/Users/JIMMIN~1/AppData/Local/Temp/Rar$EX13.101/ 8/12 2/7/12 transcript02.html e e he a d A g i G eece. N , he e ha ha ec hi ica i Achaea , beca e i he ec d f he Hi i e i g , he e a e efe e ce e e--I' i g hi , I hi he ' e ca ed, I a ge hi igh , b I d ' e e be he he hi i he Eg ia , e hi g i e akhai ashaa, e ha ' he Eg ia f . A a he a e ca ed b a e ha d e hi g i e ha ; e a g he Hi i e , e a g he Eg ia a d i ' ea . Gi e he fac ha he e e " " d ed f he G ee a g age be ee he M ce aea Pe i d a d he C a ica Pe i d, c d ea i i agi e ha he e e e e e efe ed-- efe ed he e e a achai oi, a d he he " " d he a e achaioi, hich i ha H e ca he . S , he idea he e i ha he igi a G ee h ca e i , e e ha e ca Achaea a d ha he he e di ba ce ca e a d if he D ia he i e, D ia ei he i ed he a d i a ed he , ib i e a ied i h he , b d i a ed he a d a hed a a , i ed he e f he Achaea a g age a d i ed hei D ia a g age i. A d i g ch a idea, a g he hi g , i ha if g he ai i he ce e f he Pe e he e i ' a f ha d ge , he e i a egi ca ed, e , ac a be d h e ai , he he h e, i a ace ca ed Achaea, he e he e e a e Achaea . S , he he igh e be ha he e e d i e a a f hei d h e i he he Pe e ,a d e he he Pe e . The he e a e he e e i he ai f A cadia h a d ' ea he D ic a g age, a d a be he e e d i e he e e ca e. S h e a e he hi g ha he ed e e decide ha he D ia a ea ha e bee he f He c e , h ac a i aded a d ha ha e fi d af e he fa f he M ce aea d i G eece a e e f he f i g hi g -- hi g ha e e ica f d i he M ce aea d. Fi fa , i ea , b e e . A i d f a i ed h d c a ge he , ca ed a fibula, i he e i e i d. The b idi g f b idi g i he ha e f ha he G ee ca ed a megaron, a ec a g a ce e , hich ha a hea h i i , a f ch, a d a bac ch hich i be he e i hich G ee e e a e b i i he hi ica e i d. Tha a ea f he fi i e af e he fa f he M ce aea . We ha he M ce aea b ied hei dead b i h a i , h e g ea b , h e g ea g a e , a d e e he c e e ide he a e b ied i g a e ; he ea , i he hi ica e i d, he e e e e e c e a ed a he ha b ied i he d f H e . Tha ' ha e ee. S , he idea ha a f a d i he i e ee h ce a ha he D ia h e e a e ci ii ed, ghe , ea e , ha de figh i g e e a i ed b he e f i a d i hei ea hich e e e i a eged he b e, ca e d , defea ed he Achaea , i ed he e e he he e he c d a d d e he a a he e he c d ' , a d ha e ai h hi g e . Tha ha bee a ac ed a d i a ge be ie ed he e da f a h e f ech ica ea ha I d ' a be i h igh .Id hi e ca be ie e ha i e a i a d .I i i e a d he e a e a hi g ha i d e ' acc f a d he e a e a hi g d gge ha i ' c ec . H e e , I a e he e i hi g i ha , a d he e I ea a i f e ced g b c eag e, fe Je e P i , e i ed, h a Hi f A a d A chae g g . He ha a i ha i e a ced a d hi ica ed a d i a ea e i e a . He gge ha he e e e, i deed, G ee ibe f he h h e D ia dia ec , h ca e d d i g hi e i d a e i g c ei he iche a d be e e ed d f he M ce aea . The did ' c e d a d he g a a f h d ed ea a d he c e bac , b a he he ca e d i a e f ibe a d fa iie , a d , e e i g g ad a e e, hi g i he he c d, e ea i g he he c d ' , a d . F hi I hi C:/Users/JIMMIN~1/AppData/Local/Temp/Rar$EX13.101/ /transcript02.html 9/12 2/7/12 transcript02.html he e' a e g d-- he he acce he D ia idea--I hi e h he e a a e e a i a i , i ca e i hi a e a e i d f i e, a ce e ea , ha i g cce , f igh , a ha i d f ff g i g . d fi d a ac i e he idea ha if i h cce a d he Beca e he M ce aea ce e a e ea f ha e ch f i e ha he ' e ca ed. The f fi c e f e g he i g hei a ead ie g a i a a he i e ha e ee, a d a -- hi i a e i a fac . If ' e e ec i g be a ac ed a d be ieged, a a he e ci ade d be b a i ade , d a e ha a hi g e e a a e , b he did ' ece a i ha e g d a e ie i ch ci c a ce . S , e ee he b idi g f a e h de i he e ace ; he e' a e i i g e. The e i e g M ce ae d ' i he ci e ha a d g i he ai , he hi ide, i hi he a a ha e i d. I ' dee a d be e a e a f a h igh beca e i ' a b ac a i ca ib be. B he e a f i e, e e g , a d e bei g e ha he d ha e a f ae h d he f a g iege. I hi ha ha i dica e ha e hi g f he i d i g i g . The e ee ha he hi c ec e a e d, i i acc a ied b e e f eei g, ge i g a a f he M ce aea d. S e f he g fa a A he , hich had he g d f e eh f bei g de ed, e f he fe i a M ce aea ace ha i de ed. S , f e ea i a afe i A he a d e f ed A he . O he had ee g i g a d e ed he i a d f he Aegea Sea. F he , i a ece a g f he a d e e he e c a f A ia Mi , hich, i deed, hi i a g ea e i d f G ee e e e he e c a f A ia Mi . The i i e he e ca e a e he e he e a a fi a b , he e ha e e a a e i g e h he e ci ie a d hi ci ii a i cceeded, b i a he a e i e e ace. The fa f P i ge e a h gh be a d 1200 B.C.; M ce ae i e f a be fif ea a e , a d he ace a e ha ha . I hi i ' e i a ice ha e f he e ace ha e e big i he M ce aea d e e e i e aba d ed a d e ed agai b he G ee . B ied, , e e did ' e e he e he e e, ha ' e a di a . Tha ha e he e hi g e , e a ge d i e e e a a f a i habi ed i e. S , he e i he e Je P i ' a a g he fa f R e ee e a ea i g. Tha i , e e , ha did ha e i he R a d a d I d ' ee a hi g ha ' gge ed i c d ' ha e i he G ee d a he i e e' e a i g ab . I' i g fig e ; e i he , e i 1:00, igh ? Righ , eah, a . N , I e he i a a ec f a f hi f e a e he e f a f hi , a d he e e e e d . Y ha e he de c i c e e f he M ce aea B e Age c e. G eece e e ee a hi g i e i agai . Thi i he a i a i he a cie Nea Ea . Thi i he a i a i Eg . The e ee c i i f a e , e g i e. The G ee d ha hi e e d di c i i . I ' i e he d a a d g g i a e .A g he hi g ha a e f a g i e, he e i i i g. The e i i i g i G eece f e a 1100 i he idd e f he eigh h ce B.C., gh da e 750 a d he he i i g ha he d ha e i c ee e a ed he i i g ha a . The ge i f a diffe e ace. The e e , he de ig f he i i g c e , i fac , f A ia, bab f --a ce ai f Ph e icia, he a d ha i ca ed Leba a d he a g age ha a f ha c i a Se i ic a g age. Heb e i c e ha ' g i g he e, b he d ' a e he a g age. The b he cha ac e ha had bee a ead e hi g i e c e a a habe a d had a ea i e a be . I f e ac be f he e i he Se i ic a habe , b e' e a i g ab gh e -fi e. I ea , he ba ga e f a a habe ch a . The G ee b ha i h ica G ee i a i . The big e f i e i g e ha d ' ha e e e be a hi g. Y ca ead e e ade, a d he d ced hei a habe . B hei a habe ha g hi g d i h M ce ae; hi i C:/Users/JIMMIN~1/AppData/Local/Temp/Rar$EX13.101/ /transcript02.html f ge he ' ei d he d ha i a e 10/12 2/7/12 transcript02.html .T .D .T , , G D A , , , , .T M M , .S , . ' , , .T . I' ' G , . 1100 ' , ' 750. A R , ; , ,D M G E -.W , A , , D . .O ' , .I' ' P , A N -I' , A .T ' , E , G , E G M , , .I' --I , G , , .T , .T , -- ' P ' 900 B.C. Y --T .T ' G .Y .F ' A ' .T ' , ,I , P ; ' , , , -. . M , ' T S ' , , .W , .S , , , .Y ' , , .T .T . , ' ' , .T , I' .W /transcript02.html .T , , , .A , G .S , , .W .N ' , , , , , ' .S , , , , .T G 11/12 , ' , , ' . , , ' .B .B , .C , S , N ,I C:/Users/JIMMIN~1/AppData/Local/Temp/Rar$EX13.101/ 2/7/12 transcript02.html ea lie age. The G eek of he cla ical pe iod al a ho gh he e a an ea lie age ha a m ch be e han he age in hich he li ed, an age in hich men e e he oe . The e e bigge , he e e onge , he e e o ghe , he e e fa e , he e e mo e bea if l, he li ed longe . Tho e e e he g ea old da and hen he e' , e, poo mi e able e che . Tha ' he pic e ha he G eek ca ied i h hem. The legend , j o ie f om gene a ion o gene a ion, changed, and molded, b none hele , e aining ce ain elemen of he ea lie adi ion. Then, finall , e ha e o belie e, he e' no e caping, I hink, ha he e a ano he hing ha p o ided fo memo , ome hing e call he epic adi ion. When e ge o Home e ill find a highl de eloped epic poe and once e come o g ip i h he fac ha i a o all compo ed and ecollec ed poe , hen o ill ge ome idea of he leng h of ime ha m ha e been in ol ed in he c ea ing of i -- e'll n o hi hen e ge o he Home ic i e . Once o eali e ha he e a e clea l acc a e depic ion of a pec of he M cenaean o ld ha ho p in ho e poem , hich appea o ha e been i en do n fo he fi ime, pe hap a o nd 750 B.C. o o, hen o m eali e he e had o be an epic adi ion, a poe ic adi ion of he ame kind ha goe back all he a o he M cenaean Pe iod. I hink e m emembe ha he e e e people c ea ing and epea ing, and o king o , and changing a poe ic adi ion ha a ed in he M cenaean o ld and la ed fo he e of G eek hi o . No , he legac f om he M cenaean o G eek ci ili a ion la e i e limi ed. B ha he e i , i e impo an and no pa of i i mo e impo an han he Home ic poem hem el e . B if e look a he ocie ha eme ge , hi Da k Age ocie ha eme ge f om he ancien o ld of M cenae, ha o ha e i a a e h man e pe ience. The c ea ion almo of a clean la e, e en mo e o I o ld a g e han he di p ion ha i came af e he fall of Rome, beca e he e' one big diffe ence. The fall of Rome did no de o one of he mo impo an enacio and ignifican a pec of he old c l e, he Roman Ca holic Ch ch, hich emained and became he cen al fac fo he ne c l e. The e' no hing like ha in he M cenaean o ld. We a e eall alking abo ome hing ha ' almo en i el f e h. The G eek had no choice b o o find hei o n a , ninfl enced a M cenae a infl enced b Me opo amia and Eg p ; ninfl enced b an hing- a ing f om he lo e po ible place and ha ing o make a li ing, and o go fo a d, and o hape a o ld hich a hei o n beca e he e a n' an hing el e o g ide hem. Ne ime e'll ake a look a he Da k Age and he o ld of Home . [end of an c ip ] back o op C:/Users/JIMMIN~1/AppData/Local/Temp/Rar$EX13.101/ /transcript02.html 12/12 ...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online