American Life In the Roaring Twenties

American Life In the Roaring Twenties - American Life In...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
American Life In the Roaring Twenties I. Seeing Red a. Fears of Russia i. Americans were frightened by the harsh Bolshevik revolution (Russian Revolution) of 1917. Many innocent people were killed and a Communist government was installed by Lenin in which: 1. Government owned all land and property 2. A single political party controlled the government 3. Individuals had no rights 4. Government vowed to stir up revolutions in other countries and spread communism throughout the world ii. Americans feared Communism because: 1. It was openly against American beliefs and values 2. Against capitalism (private ownership of land and business) 3. Against First Amendment rights b. Red Scare of 1919-1920 and the Palmer Raids i. Early 1919 – In Seattle, a calm and legal strike led the mayor to call for federal troops to put down the “anarchy of Russia” – worker strikes seemed to bring the feeling of revolution to many ii. Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer led him to suspect almost anyone of being communist. He jailed or drove out over 6,000 Communist or illegal aliens, although only 556 truly fit those categories iii. Bombs sent anonymously through the mail to prominent American leaders encouraged fear iv. June 1919 – Palmer’s home was mail bombed v. December 1919 – 249 alleged alien radicals were deported on the Buford (“Soviet Ark”) to Russia vi. May 1920 – Palmer announced the threat of large Communist riots on May Day of 1920, but none materialized. As a result, Palmer was discredited and the scare passed vii. September 1920 – Wall Street was bombed, killing 38 people c. State Legislature React to the Red Scare i. Many States passed laws that made it unlawful to verbally advocate violence to secure social change. Many said this was against the 1 st Amendment ii. The law was used to prosecute some who were innocent, such as 5 members of the New York legislature, all because they were Socialists iii. Business leaders used the Red Scare to call unions “Sovietism in disguise”
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
d. i. Charged with murder a MA paymaster in 1921 (someone who pays wages); another source – two gunmen robbed a factory and killed two men in MA ii. The judge and jury were prejudiced somewhat because they were: 1. Italians 2. Atheists 3. Anarchists 4. Draft dodgers iii. The two were electrocuted in 1927. The evidence against the accused was damaging, but had several weaknesses. If the trial had been held in an atmosphere less charged with anti-communism, the outcome might have been only a prison term iv. Communists and other radicals had two martyrs II. KKK a. Who Are the KKK? i. They were anti: 1. Catholic 2. Black 3. Jewish 4. Pacifist 5. Communist 6. Internationalist 7. Evolutionist 8. Bootlegger 9. Gambling 10. Adultery 11. Birth control ii. It was pro: 1. Ango-Saxon 2. “Native” American 3. Protestant b. Who Did They Appeal To? i.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 15

American Life In the Roaring Twenties - American Life In...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online