APUSH Keys to Unit 2

APUSH Keys to Unit 2 - APUSH REVIEW CHP. 69 As found in...

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APUSH REVIEW CHP. 6-9 As found in Barron’s Study Keys EZ-101 American History to 1877 Published 1992
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Theme 3: The American Revolution Key 12: The mercantile system Key 13: Wars for world empire Key 14: A new imperial policy Key 15: Taxation controversy Key 16: The crisis deepens Key 17: A struggle for men’s minds Key 18: Lexington to Saratoga Key 19: Revolution in the West, at sea, and in the South Key 20: A social revolution?
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Theme 3 The American Revolution Britain attempted to operate its colonial empire under the profitable system  later referred to as mercantilism .  After victory over France and Spain  in four inter-colonial wars, Britain attempted not only to regulate trade  but also to raise revenue through taxation of the colonies. Growing  resistance from Americans led eventually to the outbreak of fighting  and the proclaiming of independence. Despite divided support for the  cause at home, the revolutionaries were able to combine foreign aid with  British blunders and with survival tactics to secure victory.   Independence was accomplished, but the Revolution’s impact on  American society is debatable.
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Theme 3: The American Revolution Key 12 The mercantile system Overview : The implementation of the doctrine of mercantilism, which attempted to create a powerful, prosperous, nation state through regulated economic self-sufficiency, was complicated by the self- governing traditions of the British North American colonies. Imperial Britain : Attempted to follow a widely practiced and highly nationalistic commercial theory later known as mercantilism. • Nation states were seen as pursuing the limited wealth of the world •Each nation sought to become economically self-sufficient •Another goal was to achieve a favorable balance of trade (the value of exports should exceed the value of imports) •Home industries would be protected from foreign competition •Colonies could benefit the mother country by providing inexpensive raw materials as well as a guaranteed market for manufactured goods •The System should result in a net flow of gold and silver to the mother country •To guarantee its effective operation, mercantilism required gov’t regulation •To operate profitably and safely, large merchant and battle fleets were necessary Legislation : Parliament passed a series of Trade and Navigation Acts (1651 to 1673) designed to benefit England in its commercial competition with Holland and others. • Colonial trade was to be carried on only in English or colonial shops •Certain enumerated goods (sugar, tobacco, naval supplies, furs)could be sold only to England by her colonies. •Nearly all foreign goods could be imported to the colonies only if they were shipped through England and paid
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2012 for the course HISTORY 104 taught by Professor Reed during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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APUSH Keys to Unit 2 - APUSH REVIEW CHP. 69 As found in...

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