CausesoftheCivilWarPartI - Causes of the Civil War Part I...

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Unformatted text preview: Causes of the Civil War Part I There were many issues that contributed to the Civil War, but most of them revolved around the issue of slavery In 1819 the nation consisted of 11 free states and 11 slave states Missouri had been seeking admission as a slave state since 1817 People didn't want to upset the even balance, so to compromise Maine was admitted as a free state in 1820. This compromise was proposed by Henry Clay, so there was now an even balance Compromise also called for all land in the Louisiana territory north of the southern border of Missouri would be free of slavery Also gave slave owners the right to pursue escaped slaves in "free" Territory Neither side was truly happy; north upset that slavery had extended to another state; south upset that Congress was making laws about slavery Missouri Compromise Nat Turner's Rebellion Nat Turner believed he was called by God to lead slaves in a fight for freedom In 1831, he led a group of 60 slaves on a killing spree of white plantation owners and their families throughout the Virginia countryside He was hung but this act scared plantation owners and showed that slaves were able to organize. Showed slaves were tired of the system. The Compromise of 1850 was designed to end the slavery crisis by giving both Northerners and Southerners what they wanted To please the North, California was admitted to the Union as a free state; slavery also banned in Washington DC To please the South, popular sovereignty (popular choice of the local people) would be used to decide the issue of slavery in the rest of the Mexican Cession (NV, AR, NM etc.) In addition, southerners got the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 Allowed government officials to arrest any person accused of being a runaway slave; suspects had no right to trial; slaveholder just had to swear that they were a slave Northerners were outraged Compromise of 1850 Uncle Tom's Cabin In 1852, Harriet Beecher Stowe; enraged about the Fugitive Slave Act, wrote a novel entitled Uncle Tom's Cabin The daughter of an abolitionist, Stowe's goal was to create a fictional work that would make the nation understand the cruelty of slavery Became a bestseller and made many people who previously didn't care about slavery, suddenly concerned Southerners said it was propaganda and didn't present an accurate picture of slave life ...
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