CausesofTheCivilWarPartII - Dred Scott Decision Dred Scott...

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Unformatted text preview: Dred Scott Decision Dred Scott was an enslaved person who was owned by an U.S. Army doctor For a time, they moved to Illinois and the Wisconsin Territory where slavery was illegal, they later moved to Missouri where it was legal Dred Scott sued for his freedom in 1857; argued that he had lived where slavery was illegal Case reached Supreme Court; Scott not ruled free man for two reasons 1) he was not a citizen, so he couldn't sue in Court 2) living in free territory did not give freedom, slaves were purely property Causes of The Civil War Part II Dred Scott continued Supreme Court also stated that Congress did not have the power to prohibit slavery in any territory; made Missouri Compromise unconstitutional Southerners excited because now all territories were open to slavery Northerners were enraged; were hoping slavery would just die out an go away Slavery now had the potential to spread across the West John Brown was an abolitionist who had a history of using violence against slave owners In 1859, a small group of supporters attacked Harper's Ferry, Virginia Group wanted to capture the Federal Armory (guns and weapons storage) in the town. Was planning to give weapons to slaves. U.S. troops surrounded Brown's force and he was captured and sentenced to death Northerners saw him as a hero, Southerners again felt that Northerners were attacking Southern way of life. John Brown's Raid Kansas Nebraska Act Congress passed the KN Act in 1854 and pushed through by Illinois senator Stephen Douglas Douglas wanted a railroad created from Illinois to the Pacific through the Nebraska Territory Douglas suggested forming two new territories, the Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory; Southerners were outraged because new territories were being formed north of the Missouri Compromise Line KansasNebraska Act All land north of line was supposed to be free according to Missouri Compromise. Now after this act all the land in the west was potentially open to slavery To gain support, Douglas proposed that these new territories decide slavery based on popular sovereignty; this undid the Missouri Compromise Northerners outraged the slave issue in this area had been reopened; Southerners happy because they felt Kansas would enter Union as a slave state After act was passed, abolitionists and slave owners flooded to Kansas, trying to gain control; widespread violence between the two sides Became known as "Bleeding Kansas" KansasNebraska Act LincolnDouglas Debates In 1858 Abraham Lincoln ran for the senate in Illinois against Stephen Douglas; very bitter rivals Lincoln challenged Douglas to a series of debates on slavery Lincoln took a strong stand against the spread of slavery; Douglas supported popular sovereignty in deciding the slave issue Debates were nationally known and made Lincoln a well known figure; Douglas won the election Further increased tensions among abolitionists and pro slave forces; made it a very national issue Trading Card Project For this project, you will be creating trading cards for each cause that led up to the Civil War. Examples of trading cards can look like this. The front should have an image of your subject, then the back has all the vital "Statistics" of your subject. Could look Like This ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2012 for the course HISTORY 104 taught by Professor Reed during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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