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Unformatted text preview: The Civil War (1861-1865) Through Maps, Charts, Graphs & Pictures
Susan M. Pojer Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Additions by M. Lynde Additions by M. Lynde Currituck County High School Barco, NC Currituck County High School Barco, NC South Begins To Secede
Dec. 1860 S.C. votes to secede. Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas join them Feb. 1861 they all meet to formally form the Confederate States of North America with Jefferson Davis as the President Time of "lame duck" president Buchanan. Lincoln won the election Nov 1860 but won't take the office `til March 1861 Crittenden Compromise:
A Last Ditch Appeal to Sanity
Senator John J. Crittenden
constitutional amendment proposed: no slavery in territories N of 36-30 line but S of
that line - federal protection to all territories existing or acquired later (Cuba) future states could come in and choose their status Southerners guaranteed full rights in southern territories as long as they were territories, regardless of the wishes of majority under popular sovereignty Lincoln rejects the Crittendon Compromise Fort Sumter: April 12, 1861 Secession!: SC Dec. 20, 1860 North vs. South in 1861
North Advantages ? South ? Disadvantages ? ? Rating the North & the South Slave/Free States Population, 1861 Railroad Lines, 1860 Resources: North & the South The Union & Confederacy in 1861 Men Present for Duty in the Civil War Ohio Military Service Soldiers' Occupations: North/South Combined Immigrants as a % of a State's Population in 1860 Abraham Lincoln President of the United States Jefferson Davis President of the Confederacy The Leaders of the Confederacy Pres. Jefferson Davis VP Alexander Stevens The Confederate "White House" The Confederate Seal MOTTO "With God As Our Vindicator" Overview of the North's Civil War Strategy: "Anaconda" Plan The "Anaconda" Plan Lincoln's Generals Winfield Scott Irwin McDowell George McClellan Joseph Hooker George Meade Ulysses S. Grant Ambrose Burnside George McClellan, Again! McClellan: I Can Do It All! The Confederate Generals "Stonewall" Jackson George Pickett Nathan Bedford Forrest Jeb Stuart James Longstreet Robert E. Lee The Battles of the Civil War http://www.travelhero.com/destinations/graphics/map42.gif The Progress of War: 1861-1865 Battle of Bull Run (1st Manassas) July, 1861 Shiloh Shiloh means "peace" Southern Gen. Beauregard and Johnston vs. Northern Gen. U.S. Grant Grant had to fall back to Pittsburgh landing (thanks to the "Hornets Nest') Reinforcements arrive by river overnight Grant launches counterattack next day Single bloodiest battle until that time North lose 13, 047 South lose 10.699 Confederates forced to retreat and lose hope of controlling Mississippi River At the end of the Battle of Shiloh not one peach blossom remained on the trees The Battle of the Ironclads,
The Monitor vs. the Merrimac Damage on the Deck of the Monitor James River, Va. Sailors on deck of U.S.S. Monitor; cookstove at left Created/Published July 9, 1862 Photograph of the Federal Navy, and seaborn expeditions against the Atlantic Coast of the Confederacy the Federal Navy, 1861-1865 Photographer: James F. Gibson, born 1828 Buy Your Way Out of Military Service War in the East: 1861-1862 1st - Seven Days 2nd - 2nd Bull Run 3rd - Antietam (Sharpsburg) On to Antietam Battle of Antietam
"Bloodiest Single Day of the War"
September 17, 1862 23,000 casualties The creek ran red for two days with the blood of Americans Emancipation in 1863 The Emancipation Proclamation Emancipation: What Does It Really Mean? Slaves captured as part of battle already "winnings of war" and were released Emancipation DID NOT free slaves in border states Emancipation freed slaves in areas in rebellion but not in areas controlled by the Union. Therefore, not one slave was immediately freed The war's purpose now took a moral tone. British and French diplomatic recognition of the Confederacy was not unlikely Emancipation would finally be secured by the passage of the 13th Amendment. African-American Recruiting Poster The Famous 54th Massachusetts August Saint-Gaudens Memorial to Col. Robert Gould Shaw African-Americans in Civil War Battles Black Troops Freeing Slaves Extensive Legislation Passed Without the South in Congress
1861 Morrill Tariff Act 1862 Homestead Act 1862 Legal Tender Act 1862 Morrill Land Grant Act 1862 Emancipation Proclamation (1/1/1863) 1863 Pacific Railway Act 1863 National Bank Act The War in the West, 1863: Vicksburg The Road to Gettysburg: 1863 Double hung wagons of the worthy wounded for 17.5 miles Gettysburg Casualties Turning point battle July 3rd 1863 Crippled the South so badly that General Lee would never again have enough force to invade the North
55,000 dead The Gettysburg Address
Funeral Eulogy: In just over two minutes, Lincoln invoked the principles of human equality espoused by the Declaration of Independence and redefined the Civil War as a struggle not merely for the Union, but as "a new birth of freedom" that would bring true equality to all of its citizens. It would also create a unified nation in which states' rights were no longer dominant, defined democracy in terms of government of the people, by the people, for the people, and defined republicanism in terms of freedom, equality and democracy. The Gettysburg Address Gettysburg, Pennsylvania November 19, 1863Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow -this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. The North Initiates the Draft, 1863 Recruiting Irish Immigrants in NYC NYC Draft Riots, (July 13-16, 1863) NYC Draft Riots, (July 13-16, 1863) Inflation in the South The Progress of War: 1861-1865 Sherman's "March to the Sea" through Georgia,
1864 1864 Election Pres. Lincoln (R) George McClellan (D) The Peace Movement: Copperheads Clement Vallandigham 1864 Copperhead Campaign Poster Presidential Election Results: 1864 The Final Virginia Campaign:
1864-1865 The siege of Petersburg Surrender at Appomattox
April 9, 1865 Casualties on Both Sides Civil War Casualties in Comparison to Other Wars Day is done, Gone the sun, From the lakes, From the hills, From the sky. All is well. Safely rest. God is nigh. Ford's Theater (April 14, 1865) The Assassin John Wilkes Booth The Assassination WANTED~~!! Now He Belongs to the Ages! The Execution The Massacre at Fort Pillow, TN
(April 12, 1864) Nathan Bedford Forrest
(Captured Fort Pillow) 262 African-Americans 295 white Union soldiers. Ordered black soldiers murdered after they surrendered! [many white soldiers killed as well] Became the first Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan after the war. Confederate Prison Camp at Point Lookout, MD Planned to hold 10,000 men. Had almost 50,000 at one time. Union Prison Camp at Andersonville, GA Original Andersonville Plan Planned to hold 10,000 men. Had over 32,000 at one time. Distributing "Rations" Union "Survivors" Andersonville Cemetary ...
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