Cotton in the South

Cotton in the South - Cotton in the South a. Eli Whitney i....

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Cotton in the South a. Eli Whitney i. Before Eli Whitney’s cotton gin, people were talking about slavery’s unprofitability. However, his invention in 1793 made possible the wide-scale cultivation of cotton ii. Cotton quickly eclipsed tobacco, rice, and sugar as the main crop in the South iii. This created a demand for labor, causing slavery to increase iv. Planters would buy more slaves and land to grow more cotton, so as to buy still more slaves and land b. Cotton and the Economy i. Cotton was ½ of all U.S. exports after 1840 ii. South produced ½ of the world’s supply of cotton iii. North – 1. Shippers reaped a large profit: a. Would load cotton at southern ports b. Transport them to England c. Buy manufactured goods for sale in the U.S. iv. England – 1. Most important manufacture was cotton cloth (1/5 of population got its livelihood from that) 2. 75% came from the South v. South – 1. Southern leaders knew that Britain was tied to them by cotton and this dependence gave them an inflated sense of power 2. “Cotton was King” 3. Though that any conflict with the North would result in England helping the South II. The Planter “Aristocracy” a. Rich Southern Planters Rule i. 1850 – 1,733 families owned more than 100 slaves each. This group made up the political and social leadership of the section and nation ii. They could educate their children in the finest schools (North or abroad) iii. Money provided the leisure for study, reflection, and politics b. Southern Society i. Dominance by the rich was undemocratic and widened the gap between the rich and poor ii. Had a feudal society, with manors and jousting tournaments
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c. Women In Southern Society i. Had more of a leadership role ii. Gave daily orders to cooks, maids, seamstresses, laundresses, and body servants iii. Treatment of the slaves by women varied iv. Nearly no slaveholding woman believed in abolition III. The Slave System a. Problems With Plantation System i. Land Butchery – 1. Greedy planters took all the nutrients out of the soil because they
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2012 for the course HISTORY 104 taught by Professor Reed during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Cotton in the South - Cotton in the South a. Eli Whitney i....

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