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Unformatted text preview: Everyone agreed that the Articles of Creating the Constitution Part I Confederation were weak and that a new government (constitution) must be formed A meeting was called in Philadelphia in the summer of 1787, to revise the Articles. It was extremely hot in the convention. 55 delegates from 12 colonies (not Rhode Island) convened to these secret debates; wanted people to feel comfortable speaking their minds. Washington elected president of Convention Problem of Representation/Virginia Plan One of the major issues in of the Convention, centered on how the new government's power should be divided Virginia Plan proposed by James Madison Called for Central government to have 3 separate branches. Congress would be legislative branch, executive branch to carry out laws (President) and the judicial branch to interpret the law (Supreme Court) Virginia Plan Called for a two house legislature upper and lower house Called for representation based on population Angered smaller states (Delaware, Maryland) because they would not have equal power to the larger ones (Mass., Penn. , Virginia) New Jersey Plan In reaction to the Virginia Plan, New Jersey developed the New Jersey Plan New Jersey Plan Arguments raged on for many days over Called for a single house of Congress Equal representation for each state, not based on population how the Congress should be divided The Great Compromise
Roger Sherman of Connecticut developed a compromise out of the Virginia and New Jersey Plans; known as the Great Compromise Great Compromise 2 house Congress Lower house called House of Representatives, based on population Upper house called the Senate in which each state would get 2 representatives, no matter the states population. ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2012 for the course HISTORY 104 taught by Professor Reed during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.
- Spring '11