doc_StudyGuide1930s_032606

doc_StudyGuide1930s_032606 - Name Date A New Deal Fights...

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Unformatted text preview: Name Date A New Deal Fights the Depression Maine: and Reform Aufhanzed the Pleasure To restore pubic: mew r11 _ _ Deparfmen'l {'0 inspect and dose em; 1. Emergency Banking Relief Act W15 {EBRAI 2. GIass-Steagall Banking Act of 1933 3. Federal Securities Act 4. National Industrial Flecmrewr Act {MIRA} 5. Agricultural Adjustment Act [AAA] 6. Tennessee Valley Authority {Twill _ Employment Mien: '2‘. Civilian Conservation Corps {CCCI 8. Federal Emergency Relief Administrafim [FEBAI 9. Public Works Administration lPWAl m Civil works Administration ICWA] 3, 11. Home Owners Loan Corporation lHflLCl nan IC _ Ladle The Second New Deal Takes Hold . As you read this section, take notes to answer questions about the second phase of Roosevelt’s New Dead policies. Gm. Whitfielmsidieéchfw-ip-r. j ' - ' .- rm Mamie-Depression" I - - edaséslahlisliiidio-deélwilh . ' " fliese pruhl' en's? ' '- 1. Farmers, migrant workers. and others living in rural areas 2. Students and other young people 3. Teachers, writers, artists, and other professionals 4. All workers, including the unemployed 5. Retired workers 6. The disabledfihe needy elderly, and dependent mothers and children Name Examplelsl ol appointees to important government positions: Examplelsi of appointees to important government positions: 3. him unions Examplelsl of unionls] organized during the New Deal: Other groups: Date The New Deal Afiects Many Groups Gains women made underthe New Deal: Problems of women not solved by the New Deal: Gains African Americans made under the New Deal: Problems of African Americans not solved by the New Deal: Gains unions made under the New Deal: Problems of unions not solved by the New Deal: Reasons theyr supported the Democratic party: Halal: Prints and Harlin. [trans 1. Gone with the Wind uaie _ Society and Culture What was it? Who created or appeared in it? What was its theme? 2. M: Smith Goes to Washington 3. The War of the Worms What was it? Who created or appeared in it? What was it? Who created or appeared in it? What was its theme? What was its theme? 4. Waiting for Lefty 5. Native Son 6. fire Grapes of Wrath What was it? Who created or appeared in it? What was its theme? What was it? Who created or appeared in it? What was it? Who created or appeared in it? 8. American Gothic What was it? Who created or appeared in it? What was it? Who created or appeared in it? What was its theme? What was its theme? What was its theme? What was its theme? Name- Date The Impact of the New Deal flew Deal law: and Agencies Lastihg [fleets oi These laws and figmcies ' an American Gmtnnéntand Life 2. Agriculture and rural life 3. Banking and finance 5. Environment A. True—False Where the statement is true, mark 1‘. Where it is false, marl: F, and correct it in the. space immedi- ately below. 1. Roosevelt‘s call for a “New Deal" in the 1932 campaign included attacks on the Hoover deficits and a promise to balance the federal budget. 2. The economy was beginning a turn upward in the months immediately before Roose- velt‘ s inauguration. . Congress rushed to pass many of the early New Deal programs that granted large emer- gency powers to the president. . Roosevelt’s monetary reforms were designed to maintain the gold standard and protect the value of the dollar. . The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the Public Works Administration (PWA) were designed to reform American business practices. . Two early New Deal programs, the National Recovery Administration (NRA) and the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA), were both declared unconstitutional b) the Supreme Court. 7. The primary agricultural problem of the Great Depression was declining farm production caused by the natural disasters of the period. 9. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) was designed primarily to aid in conserving water and soil resources in eroded hill areas. [0. The Committee for-Industrial Organization (CID) used sympathetic New Deal laws to unionize many unskilled workers previously ignored by the American Federation of Labor (AF of L]. ll. Roosevelt's political coalition rested heavily on lower—income groups, including African- Americans. Jews, Catholics, and southemers. 12. After Roosevelt’s Court-packing plan failed. the conservative Supreme Court continued to strike down New Deal legislation just as it had before. M. The New Deal more than doubled the US. national debt through “deficit spending.“ 15. By I939 the New Deal had largely solved the major depre3sion problem of unemployment. Multiple Choice 2. Eleanor Roosevelt made her influence felt in the 19305 as a particular champion of a. the impoverished and diSpossessed. b. feminism and sexual liberation. c. farmers and ranchers. d. immigrant. ethnic groups and Roman Catholics. 3. The Roosevelt landslide of traditionally Republican a. New Englanders. b. AfricamAmericans. c. labor unions. d. southemers. 1932 included the shift into the Democratic camp of 10. ll. Roosevelt‘s first bold action of the Hundred Days was a. taking the nation off the gold standard. b. declaring a national bank holiday. c. legalizing labor strikes and job actions. d. doubling relief for the unemployed. . The primary purpose of the Civilian Conservation Corps {CCC} was a. to restore unproductive farmland to productive use. b. to protect wildlife and the environment. c. to provide better-trained workers for industry. (1. to provide jobs and experience for unemployed young people. Strong political challenges to Roosevelt came from extremist critics like a. _ Father Coughlin and Huey Long. b. Frances Perkins and Harry Hopkins. c. Henry Ford and Mary McLeod Bethune. d. John SteinbeCIr and John L. Lewis. . Roosevelt’s National Recovery Administration (NRA) ended when a. Dr. Francis Townsend attacked it as unfair to the elderly. b. Congress refused to provide further funding for it. c. it came to be considered too expensive for the results achieved. d. the Supreme Court declared it unconstitutional. . Roosevelt‘ 5 Agricultural Adjustment Administration met sharp criticism because a. it failed to raise farm prices. b. it actually contributed to soil erosion on the Great Plains. c. it raised prices by paying farmers to slaughter animals and not grow crops. d. it relied too much on private bank loans to aid farmers. In addition to the natural forces of drongbt and wind. the Dust Bowl of the 19305 was also caused by b. excessive use of dry farming and rmChanization techniques on marginal land. c. the attempted shift from wheat and cotton growing to fruit and vegetable farming. The so~called “Indian New Deal"_included an emphasis on a. local tribal self-government and recovery of lndian identity and culture. b. the distribution of tribal lands to individual Indian landowners. c. the migration of Indians from rural reservations to the cities. d. programs of public works and natural resource development on Indian lands. The major New Deal program that'attempted to provide flood control, electric power, and economic development occurred in the valley of the a. Columbia River. b. Colorado River. c. Hudson River. d. Tennessee River. . The Social Security Act of 1935 provided for a. electricity and conservation for rural areas. b. pensions for older people, the blind. and other categories ofcitiaens. c. assistance for low—income public housing and social services. (1. unemployment and disability insurance for workers. ____ 13. The new labor organization that flourished under depression conditions and New Deal Sponsorship was a. the Knights of Labor. b. the American Federation of Labor. c. the National Labor Relations Board. :1. the Congress of Industrial Organizations. __ 14. Among the groups that formed part of the powerful “Roosevelt coalition’f in the election of 1936 were ' a. African-Americans, southemers, and Catholics. 11. Republicans. New Englanders, and “Old Immigrants." c. nudwesterners. small—town residents, and Presbyterians. d. businessmen, prohibitionists. and Coughlinites. ___ 15. Roosevelt’s attempt to “pack” the Supreme Court proved extremely costly because a. the Court members he appointed still failed to support the New Deal. b. Congress began'proceedings to impeach him. c. he lost much of the political momentum for the New Deal. d. many of his New Deal supporters‘turned to back Huey Long. Identification Supply the correct identification for each numbered description. ———__ —.___,___ —_.—._.___ 1. Term used by FDR in 1932 acceptance speech that came to describe his whole reform program 2. FDR‘s refon'n-minded intellectual advisers, Deal legislation who conceived much of the New 3. The special session of Congress Roosevelt-initiated legislation in early 1933 that passed vast quantities of 4. The early New Deal agency that worked to solve the problems of unemployment and conservation by employing youth in reforestation and other socially bene- ficial tasks 5. Large federal employment program. established in 1935 drat provided jobs in areas from road building to art 6. Widely displayed symbol of the National Recovery Administration (NRA). which attempted to reorganize and reform US. industry under Harry Hopkins, 7. New Deal farm agency that attempted to raise prices by paying farmers to reduce their production of crops and animals . The drought-stricken plains areas from which hundreds of thousands of “Okies” were driven during the Great Demessinn 9. New Deal agency that amused strong conservative criticism by producmg tow- cost electrical power in competition with private utilities 10. New Deal program that financed old-age pensions, unemployment insurance. and other forms of income assistance I l. The new union group that organized large numbers of unskilled workers with the help of the Wagner Act and the National Labor Relations Board fraud in stock trading 12. New Deal agency established to provide a public watchdog against deception and [3. Organization of wealthy Republicans and conservative Democrats whose attacks on the New Deal caused Roosevelt to denounce them as “economic royalists” in the campaign of 1936 14. Roosevelt's scheme for gaining Supreme Court approval of New Deal legislation IS. Law of 1939 that prevented federal officials from engaging in campaign activi— ties or using federal relief funds for political purposes Matching People, Places, and Events Match the person, place, or event in the left column with the proper description in the right column by inserting the correct letter on the blank line. 1. 2. 3. 4. 10. ll. l2. 13. I4. 5. Franklin D. Roosevelt Eleanor Roosevelt Banking holiday Harry Hopkins Father Coughlin Huey (“Kingfish”) Long . Schechtcr case Harold lckes . John Steinbeck John L. Lewis General Motors sit— down strike Alfred M. Landon Election of 1936 John Maynard Keynes A. B. C. D. F1 .‘1 Republican who carried only two states against “The Champ” in 1936 . The “microphone messiah" of Michigan whose mass radio appeals turned anti—New Deal and anti-Semitic Writer whose best-selling novel portrayed the suffering of dust bowl “Okies” in the Thirties Supreme Court justice whose “switch in time" to support New Deal legislation helped undercut FDR’s Court- packing scheme Presidential wife who became an effective lobbyist for the poor during the New Deal Louisiana senator and popular mass agitator who promised to make “every man a king“ at the expense of the wealthy Former New York governor who roused the nation to action against the depression with his appeal to the “forgotten man” Dramatic C10 labor action in 1936 that forced the auto industry to recogtize unions Lopsided but bitter campaign that saw disadvantaged economic groups lined up in a kind of “class warfare” against those better off _ Former New York social worker who became an influential FDR adviser and head of several New Deal agencies Former bull moose progressive who spent billions of dollars on public building projects while carefully guarding against waste 15. Justice Roberts L. Roosevelt-declared closing of all US. financial insti- tutions on March 6—10, 1933, in order to stop panic and prepare reforms M. British economist whose theories helped justify New Deal deficit spending N. Supreme Court ruling of 1935 that struck down a major New Deal industry-and—labor agency 0. Domineering boss of the mine workers’ union who launched the C10 E. Putting Things in Order Put the following events in correct order by numbering them from 1 to 5. FDR devalues the dollar to about sixty cents in gold in an attempt to raise domestic prices. Congress passes numerous far-reaching laws under the premise of a national crisis and strong presidential leadership. Republican attempts to attack the New Dal fall flat, and FDR wins reelection in a landslide. FDR‘s frustration at the conservative Supreme Court’s overturning of New Deal legislation - leads him to make a drastic proposal. Passage of new federal prolabor legislation opens the way for a new union group and suc- cessful "lass labor organizing. F. Matching Cause and Effect Match the historical cause in the left colurrur with the proper effect in the right column by writing the correct letter on blank line. Cause 1. The“lame—duck“periodfrom A. November 1932 to March 1933 2. Roosevelt’s leadership during 3' Effect Succeeded in raising farm prices but met strong opposition from many conservatives Eucomagedthe CIOtoorganizelarge numbers of unskilled workers the Hum Days (1. May have pushed the Court toward more liberal 3. The Civilian Conservation rulings but badly hurt FDR politically Corps, the Works Progress D. Caused the “Roosevelt Depression,” which brought Adtninistration.mdtheCivil unenptoyrmtbacknptocatasnrphiclevets Works Administrafim E. Caused a political paralysis that hearty halted the . US. economy 4' farm mm mm F. Provided federal economic planning, conserva- tion, cheap elerxricity. and jobs to a poverty- 5. The Tennessee Valley stricken region Aumm'it)’ G. Provided federal jobs for unemployed workers in conservation, construction, the arts, and other areas Caused Roosevelt to propose a plan to “pack” the Supreme Court Pushed a rennrlcable number of laws through Congress and restored the nation’s confidence Forged apowerful political coalition thatmade the Democrats the majority nartv ' 6. The Wagner {National Labor Relations) Act "- I. ts. Inc supreme LOLIITS c0nservativc ruling; against New Deal legislation '1). Roosevelt's attempt to "pack' the Supreme Court [0. The rapid cutback in federal "pump-priming" spending to ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2012 for the course HISTORY 104 taught by Professor Reed during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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doc_StudyGuide1930s_032606 - Name Date A New Deal Fights...

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