Early 19th c Industrialization Market Revolution

Early 19th c Industrialization Market Revolution - Susan M...

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Unformatted text preview: Susan M Poj er . Hor ace Gr eel ey HS Chappaqua, NY Addi t i ons by M Lynde CCHS, Cur r i t uck, NC . ESSENTI AL QUESTI ON: Fi r st Tur npi ke- 1790 Lancast er , PA By 1832, near l y 2400 m . of r oad i connect ed m ost m or ci t i es. aj Cum ber l and ( Nat i onal Road) , 1811 Conest oga Cover ed W agons Conest oga Tr ai l , 1820s Er i e Canal Syst em Er i e Canal , 1820s Begun i n 1817; com et ed i n 1825 pl Rober t Ful t on & t he St eam boat 1807: The Cl er m ont Pr i nci pal Canal s i n 1840 I nl and Fr ei ght Rat es Cl i pper Shi ps The "I r on Hor se" W ns! i ( 1830) 1830 13 m l es of t r ack bui l t by Bal t i m e & i or Ohi o RR The Rai l r oad Revol ut i on , 1850s I m i gr ant l abor m bui l t t he No. RRs. Sl ave l abor bui l t t he So. RRs. Resour cef ul ness & Exper i m ent at i on Am i cans wer e wi l l i ng t o er try anyt hi ng. They wer e f i r st copi er s, t hen i nnovat s. 1800 41orpat ent s wer e appr oved. 1860 4, 357 " " El i W t ney' s Cot t on Gi n, hi 1791 Act ual l y i nvent ed by a sl ave! El i W t ney' s Gun Fact or y hi I nt er changeabl e Par t s Ri f l e Introduction of Factory System Ol i ve r Evans Fi r st aut om ed at f l our m l l i Fi r st pr ot ot ype of t he John Deer e & t he St eel Pl ow ( 1837) Cyr us M cCor m ck i & t he M echani cal Reaper : 1831 Jokes about wealth of agricultural produced in West (few in the East believed it) For years, the reports of remarkable harvests in that distant portion of our country were not believed in the East. Thirty and sixty bushels of wheat, and seventy-five of corn, to the acre, was simply a "Western lie." Eastern farmers, accustomed to raise a few acres of grain, --five, ten, perhaps twenty acres,-- contemptuously sneered at the newspaper report of ten thousand acres of corn and wheat on a single farm. I got a letter from a man who lives in my orchard just before I left home, and it had been three weeks getting to the dwelling-house, although it had been travelled day and night." "Distances are pretty wide up there, ain't they?" inquired a New Utrecht agriculturist. "Reasonably, reasonably," replied the Dakota man. "And the worst of it is, it breaks up families so. Two years ago I saw a whole family prostrated with grief, -- women yelling, children howling, and dogs barking. One of my men had his camp truck packed on seven four-mule teams, and he was around bidding everybody good-by." "Where was he going?" asked a Gravesend man. "He was going half-way across the farm to feed the pigs," replied the Dakota man. "Did he ever get back to his family?" "It isn't time for him yet," returned the Dakota gentlemen. "Up there we send young married couples to milk the cows, and their children bring home the milk." Sam uel F. B. M se or 1840 Tel egr aph Cyr us Fi el d & t he Tr ansat l ant i c Cabl e, 1858 El i as Howe & I saac Si nger 1840s Sewi ng M achi ne The "Am i can Dr eam er " They al l r egar ded m er i al at advance as t he nat ur al f r ui t of Am i can r epubl i cani sm & pr oof er of t he count r y' s vi r t ue and pr om se. i A Ger m an vi si t or i n t he 1840s, Fr i edr i ch Li st , obser ved: z Anyt hi ng new i s qui ckl y i nt r oduced her e, i ncl udi ng al l of t he l at est i nvent i ons. Ther e i s no cl i ngi ng t o ol d ways. The m ent an om Am i can hear s t he wor d er " i nvent i on, " he pr i cks up hi s Boom Bust Cycl es: / 1790- 1860 The bl ue l i ne shows, f or com par i son, t he pr i ce of a year ' s t ui t i on at Har var d Col l ege. I n 1790 i t was $24, but by 1860 had r i sen t o $104. Cr eat i ng a Busi ness- Fr i endl y Cl m e at Supr em Cour t iRul i ngs: e * Fl et cher v. Peck ( 1810) * Dar t m out h v. W oodwar d ( 1819) * M cCul l och v. M yl and ar ( 1819) * Gi bbons v. Ogden ( 1824) * Char l es Ri at i on Law Gener al I ncor porver s Br i dge v. W r en ar passed Br i dge ( 1835) i n New Yor k, Lai ssez f ai r e BUT, govt . di d 1848. m uch Di st r i but i on of W t h eal Dur i ng t he Am i can er Revol ut i on, 45% of al l weal t h i n t he t op 10% of v 1845 Bost on t op 4% owned t he popul at i on. over 65% of t he weal t h. v 1860 Phi l adel phi a t op 1% owned over 50% of t he weal t h. v The gap bet ween r i ch and poor was wi deni ng! v Sam uel Sl at er ( "Fat her of t he Fact or y Syst em ") The Lowel l / W t ham Syst em al : Fi r st Dual - Pur pose Text i l e Pl ant Fr anci s Cabot Lowel l ' s t own 1814 Lowel l i n 1850 Lowel l M l l i Ear l y Text i l e Loom New Engl and Text i l e Cent er s: 1830s New Engl and Dom nance i n i Text i l es St ar t i ng f or Lowel l Lowel l Gi r l s W hat was t hei r t ypi cal Lowel l Boar di ng Houses W hat was boar di nghouse l i f e l i ke? Lowel l Mlls i Ti m e Tabl e Ear l y "Uni on" Newsl et t e r The Fact or y Gi r l ' s Gar l and Febr uar y 20, 1845 i ssue. I ' m a Fact or y Gi r l Fi l l ed wi t h I ' m a f act or y gi r l shes W i Ever yday f i l l ed wi t h f ear Fr om br eat hi ng i n t he poi son ai r W shi ng f or wi ndows! i I ' m a f act or y gi r l Ti r ed f r om t he 13 hour s of wok each day And we have such l ow pay W shi ng f or shor t en wor k t i m i es! I ' m a f act or y gi r l Never havi ng enough t i m t o eat e Nor t o r est m f eet y W shi ng f or m e f r ee t i m i or e! I ' m a f act or y gi r l Si ck of al l t hi s har sh condi t i ons M aki ng m want t o si gn t he pet i t i on! e So do what I ask f or because I am a f act or y gi r l I r i sh I m i gr ant Gi r l s at m Lowel l The Ear l y Uni on M ovem ent W ki ngm or an' s Par t y ( 1829) * Founded by Rober t Dal e Owen and ot her s i n New Yor k Ci t y. Ear l y uni ons wer e usual l y l ocal , soci al , and weak. Com onweal t h v. Hunt ( 1842) . m W ker pol i t i cal par t i es wer e or i nef f ect i ve unt i l t he post Ci vi l W per i od. ar Regi onal Speci al i z at i on EAST I ndust r i al SOUTH Cot t on & Sl aver y W EST The Nat i on' s " Br eadbasket " Am i can Popul at i on er Cent er s i n 1820 Am i can Popul at i on er Cent er s i n 1860 Nat i onal Or i gi n of I m i gr ant s: m 1820 - 1860 W now? hy Life in the cities http://www.mclib.org/MC1869.JPG KnowNot hi ng Par t y: " The Supr em e Or der of t he St ar Spangl ed Banner " Changi ng Occupat i on Di st r i but i ons: 1820 - 1860 Market Revolution Transformed a subsistence economy of scattered farms and tiny workshops into a national network of industry and commerce More and more farmhands, women linked their fate to market economy and self-sufficient households transformed planted crops for sale and bought needed items revolution in division of labor and status within the household 1. De s c r i b e h o w i ndus t r i al i zat i o n and c a p i t a l i s m i mp a c t e d t h e U. S . e c o n o my . 2. I d t he i nve nt i o ns t hat e nhanc e d pe o pl e ' s l i ve s and he l pe d f ue l t he c o unt r y ' s e c o n o mi c g r o wt h 3. Ex p l a i n h o w i mp r o v e d t r ans po r t at i o n and c o mmu n i c a t i o n s y s t e ms h e l p e d t o l i n k Ame r i c a ' s r e g i o n s a n d 1. De s c r i b e h o w i n d u s t r i a l i z a t i o n a n d c a p i t a l i s m i mp a c t e d t h e U. S . e c o n o my . M r ke t r e vo l ut i o n, s pe c i al i zat i o n, e nt r e pr e ne ur s a f i n a n c e a n d d r i v e t h e e c o n o my , n e w i n v e n t i o n s 2. I d t he i nve nt i o ns t hat e nhanc e d pe o pl e ' s l i ve s and he l pe d f ue l t he c o u n t r y ' s e c o n o mi c g r o wt h Go o d y e a r v u l c a n i z e d r u b b e r , El i a s Ho we s e wi n g ma c h i n e , S a mu e l M r s e ' s Te l e g r a p h , s t e a mb o a t o ( Fu l t o n ) , c a n a l s ( Er i e ) , r a i l r o a d s 3. Ex p l a i n h o w i mp r o v e d t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a n d c o mmu n i c a t i o n s y s t e ms h e l p e d t o l i n k Ame r i c a ' s r e g i o n s a n d ma k e t h e m mo r e i nt e r de pe nde nt . No r t h e a s t ( NY) b e c o me s c e n t e r o f c o mme r c e , ECONOMIC? POLITICAL? SOCIAL? FUTURE PROBLEMS? ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2012 for the course HISTORY 104 taught by Professor Reed during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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