Unformatted text preview: Reform Movements Just as democracy spread during the Age of Jackson, the concept of "social reform" spread throughout the 1830s, 40s and 50s Social Reform organized attempts to improve conditions of life for citizens Many of these reforms were based on religious reasons. Religious leaders started the Second Great Awakening and the concept that the destination of your soul (entry into heaven) could be determined by your own actions. Temperance movement * Temperance Movement an effort to end alcohol abuse * Many women were attracted to the movement b/c of abusive drunk husbands * Most people encouraged drinking in moderation, but some wanted prohibition or the total ban of all alcohol Prison/Mentally Ill Reform Prisoners did not have any rights in the 1800s; inmates were often bound by chains and housed in small cages Small children were jailed with adults People that were judged "insane" often times were locked away in dirty prison cells with inmates. A Boston woman named Dorothea Dix worked tirelessly to improve conditions for prisoners and the mentally ill. Thanks to her work , many states formed special mental hospitals. Education Reform In the early 1800s most children were not required to go to school. You were only educated if you were wealthy. As more and more people could vote, reformers argued that they should be able to make informed decisions Horace Mann (Massachusetts) was a leader in public education reform: created colleges for teachers, lengthened the school year and made it a law for children to attend school. Many states followed suit in the North; often times these opportunities were denied to African Americans True or false? (just for fun)
1. During the 1800's, women in most states had the right to vote. 2. Before 1850, married women were able to own property under most states' laws. 3. Before 1850, married women were allowed to keep the money that they earned at work to spend on their own under most states' laws. 4. During the 1800's women and men who performed the same job usually got paid the same wage. Women's Rights Movement The Age of Jackson was not a good time to be a woman: a woman could not attend college, vote or serve in certain professional jobs. Married women could not own property or keep their own wages from jobs; even physical abuse was generally not against the law. By becoming involved in reform movements (ex. temperance), many women were given a public forum to speak out about the treatment of women. Seneca Falls Convention Led by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, 300 men and women met in Seneca Falls, New York to discuss the advancement of women's rights Stanton wrote the "Declaration of Sentiments" which called for full equality for women, including the vote (suffrage). Similar in style to "Declaration of Independence".
Elizabeth Cady Stanton Lucretia Mott Effects of Seneca Falls Susan B. Anthony joined with Stanton in a fight for women's rights Other conventions spread throughout the country. Were able to make small advances in some states, like protecting women's property rights and allowing married women to keep their wages. Many new schools and colleges were created specifically for women; as a result many women became teachers. Women would not get the vote until 1920 though with the 19th amendment. ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2012 for the course HISTORY 104 taught by Professor Reed during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.
- Spring '11
- Elizabeth Cady Stanton