Landmarks in Land Laws

Landmarks in Land Laws - Landmarks in Land Laws a Land...

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Landmarks in Land Laws a. Land Ordinance of 1785 i. Provided that the acreage of the Old Northwest should be sold and that the proceeds should be used to help pay off the national debt. Here’s the plan for the area: 1. The area was to be surveyed before sale and settlement to avoid confusion and lawsuits 2. It was to be divided into townships six miles square, each of which in turn was to be split into 36 sections of one square mile each 3. The 16 th section of each township was set aside for public schools ii. As a result, settlement of the Northwest territory was orderly, while settlements south of the Ohio River were chaotic b. Northwest Ordinance of 1787 i. Related to the governing of the Old Northwest ii. Dealt with the question of how a nation should deal with its colonies --- sound familiar? iii. The solution was: 1. Temporary tutelage 2. Permanent equality iv. When a territory could boast 60,000 inhabitants, it might be admitted by Congress as a state, with equal privileges (exactly what the 2 nd Continental Congress promised in 1781 when the land- holding States surrendered their land to the central government) v. Created five States – Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio vi. It also forbade slavery, though it exempted slaves already present c. Good Job Congress Under the Articles! i. If Congress had attempted to keep the territories in permanent subordination (like England did to the colonies), it could have resulted in a war of the West against the East ii. The scheme worked so well that its basic principles were ultimately carried over from the Old Northwest to other frontier areas. Set a precedent of how States could join the Union VIII. The World’s Ugly Duckling a. Problems With Britain i. Britain resented the stab in the back from its colonies ii. They didn’t send a minister to America for 8 years iii. Declined to make a commercial treaty or repeal its Navigation Laws iv. The British closed their profitable West Indies trade to the United States, though smuggling went on anyhow b. Britain’s Influence in the North
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i. British sought to annex Vermont ii. All along the northern border, the British continued to hold a chain of trading posts on U.S. soil, where they maintained their fur trade with the Indians. There were two reasons for this: 1. Britain was bitter at the failure of the American States to honor the treaty of peace in regard to debts and Loyalists 2. Britain wanted an alliance with the Indians, who would help them in the future if America attacks Canada c. U.S. Response to the British Influence in the North i. Patriotic Americans, who were deeply angered by the British, wanted the U.S. to force the British into line by imposing restrictions on their imports to America ii. However, Congress couldn’t control commerce and the State refused to adopt a uniform tariff policy. Some States even lowered their tariffs in order to attract an unfair share of trade d. Spain i. Was openly unfriendly to the U.S. It had two
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2012 for the course HISTORY 104 taught by Professor Reed during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Landmarks in Land Laws - Landmarks in Land Laws a Land...

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