Marshall Supreme CourtI. Major Goals of Marshall, who was appointed by Pres. Adams in 1801A. Increase the powers of the national governmentB. Diminish the powers of the statesC. Perpetuate the Federalist principle of centralization.D. Property rights of individuals need to be protected from government interferenceII. Strengthening the National GovernmentA. Cases expanding the authority of the Supreme Court1. Marbury v. Madison (1803) gave the Court the power of judicial review. First overturning of a law (Judiciary Act of 1789).2. U.S. v. Peters (1809)established the Court's right to coerce a state legislature3. Martin v. Hunter's Lessee (1816)confirmed the Court's right to overrule a state court4. Cohens v. Virginia (1821). States were no longer sovereign in all respects since they had ratified the Constitution. State courts must submit to federal jurisdiction.B. Cases expanding the powers of Congress1. McCullough v. Maryland (1819) upheld the right of Congress to charter a national bank and be free from taxation by a state, thus putting into national law the doctrine of implied powers. Maryland's
This is the end of the preview.
access the rest of the document.
Supreme Court of the United States, U.S. state, United States Congress, Marshall Supreme Court