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Marshall Supreme Court

Marshall Supreme Court - Marshall Supreme Court I Major...

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Marshall Supreme Court I . Major Goals of Marshall, who was appointed by Pres. Adams in 1801 A. Increase the powers of the national government B. Diminish the powers of the states C. Perpetuate the Federalist principle of centralization. D. Property rights of individuals need to be protected from government interference II. Strengthening the National Government A. Cases expanding the authority of the Supreme Court 1. Marbury v. Madison (1803 ) gave the Court the power of judicial review. First overturning of a law (Judiciary Act of 1789). 2. U.S. v. Peters (1809) established the Court's right to coerce a state legislature 3. Martin v. Hunter's Lessee (1816) confirmed the Court's right to overrule a state court 4. Cohens v. Virginia (1821 ). States were no longer sovereign in all respects since they had ratified the Constitution. State courts must submit to federal jurisdiction. B. Cases expanding the powers of Congress 1. McCullough v. Maryland (1819 ) upheld the right of Congress to charter a national bank and be free from taxation by a state, thus putting into national law the doctrine of implied powers. Maryland's
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