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Progressivism and the Republican Roosevelt

Progressivism and the Republican Roosevelt - Progressivism...

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Progressivism and the Republican Roosevelt I. Population a. What Was the Make-Up of America At the Turn of the Century? i. 76 million ii. 1/7 were foreign born iii. 13 million more immigrants would enter America by 1914 II. Progressive Roots a. Who Are Progressives? i. People who waged war on: 1. Monopolies 2. Corruption 3. Social injustice b. How Did the Progressive Movement Begin? i. Greenback Labor Party of the 1870s ii. Populists of the 1890s iii. Trusts: 1. People increasingly became frustrated with all the money industrialists were getting and how little money workers were getting 2. People were also increasingly getting weary of the hands-off policies that the government had. Government needed to become capable of handling these problems iv. Social Injustice: 1. European immigrants were growing in strength at the polls 2. Christians used religion to justify better housing and living conditions for the urban poor 3. Feminists added social injustice to suffrage on their list of reforms c. Writers and Trusts i. Henry Demarest Lloyd (1894) – Wealth Against Commonwealth – criticized the Standard Oil Company trust ii. Thorstein Veblen (1899) – Theory of the Leisure Class – viewed the rich as engaged in wasteful business (or making money for just because they could) rather than productive “industry” (or making goods to satisfy real needs) d. Writers and Slums i. Jacob A. Riis (1890) – How the Other Half Lives – shocking book on all the dirt, disease, vice, and misery of New York slums ii. Theodore Dreiser (1912) – The Financier & (1914) The Titan – Criticized promoters and profiteers e. Affects of the Writers
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i. Drew attention to progressive problems ii. The NY Police Commissioner, Teddy Roosevelt, was influenced by Riis’ book III. Muckrakers a. Who Are Muckrakers? i. American journalists, novelists, and critics who exposed corruption, especially in business, politics, and social ii. Many wrote articles in magazines such as McClure’s, Cosmopolitan, Collier’s, and Everybody’s . These magazines competed with each other for subscribers iii. President Teddy Roosevelt is said to have given the muckrakers their name because he was annoyed by their excessive zeal and dirt-digging. There was a book in which someone was so intent on racking manure that he couldn’t see the “celestial crown” hanging overhead iv. They led to increased support for the progressive movement. Some of their works were printed in books v. Most paid dearly to verify their reports to make sure that there would be no reprisals b. Lincoln Steffens i. McClure writer – wrote a series of articles called “The Shame of Cities” ii. He wrote about how some governments allied themselves corruptly with big businesses c. Ida Tarbell i. McClure writer – published a devastating expose of the Standard Oil Company d. Thomas W. Lawson i. Speculator who made $50 million in the stock market ii. Everybody’s writer – explained the corrupt practices of those who new how to play the stock market e. David G. Phillips i. Cosmopolitan writer – wrote a series of articles
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