Reconstruction by the Sword

Reconstruction by - Reconstruction by the Sword a Reconstruction Act of 1867 i Divided the South into 5 military districts ii Each was commanded by

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Reconstruction by the Sword a. Reconstruction Act of 1867 i. Divided the South into 5 military districts ii. Each was commanded by a Union general and policed by Union soldiers iii. Disfranchised tens of thousands of former Confederates iv. Passed over Johnson’s veto b. Steps To Readmission i. To be readmitted, States were required to ratify the 14 th Amendment (gave former slaves their rights as citizens) ii. Had to guarantee in State constitutions full suffrage for former adult male slaves. Moderates wanted the State governments to assume responsibility for protecting blacks rights, but that proved to be a bad idea c. 15 th Amendment i. To make sure that the Southern States wouldn’t amend their constitutions once they were readmitted, the 15 th Amendment was passed in 1870 ii. The Republicans were closely watching and still virtually controlled the State governments in the South, so opposition to the amendment was at a minimum d. Ex parte Milligan (1866) i. The Supreme Court case that ruled that military tribunals could not try civilians, even during wartime, in areas where the civil courts were open ii. Peacetime military rule was against the Constitution e. Southern States Are Readmitted i. After passing the Civil War amendments and making new State constitutions, all Southern States were readmitted with
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2012 for the course HISTORY 104 taught by Professor Reed during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Reconstruction by - Reconstruction by the Sword a Reconstruction Act of 1867 i Divided the South into 5 military districts ii Each was commanded by

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