Stowe and Literary Incendiaries

Stowe and Literary Incendiaries - Stowe and Literary...

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a. Harriet Beecher Stowe i. Wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) – Because of the Fugitive Slave Law, she was determined to awaken the North to the wickedness of slavery by showing its inhumanity, especially the cruel splitting of families ii. She believed God wrote the book – Her antislavery sentiments began in the Second Great Awakening b. Results of the Novel At Home i. The success of the novel at home was profound: 1. It was made into a play 2. It was translated into many languages 3. No other novel in American history can be compared with it as a political force 4. To many, it made slavery appear as evil as it really was and would make people want to have nothing to do with the new Fugitive Slave Law 5. The South condemned Stowe and her book as unfair c. Results of the Novel Abroad i. Popular in England and France ii. Their governments seriously thought about helping the South, but the popularity of the book with their people made them feel like they would not support them d. Odd facts: i. She never witnessed slavery in the South, only for a brief time during a visit to Kentucky ii. She had lived for many years in Ohio, a center for the Underground Railroad iii. When meeting her in 1862, Lincoln remarked “So you’re the little woman who wrote the book that made this great war.” e. The Impending Crisis of the South (1857) i. Written by Hinton R. Helper, a white from North Carolina ii. He attempted to prove through statistics that indirectly the nonslaveholding whites were the ones who suffered most from slavery iii. His message was negligible to the poor whites he was trying to address. The South’s planter elite certainly took note of the book, which fueled fears that the nonslaveholding majority might abandon them iv. In the South, the book was banned and burned. They also didn’t like that northerners were spreading these “lies”
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2012 for the course HISTORY 104 taught by Professor Reed during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Stowe and Literary Incendiaries - Stowe and Literary...

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