The Duel for North America

The Duel for North America - The Duel for North America I...

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The Duel for North America I. France Finds a Foothold in Canada a. France in the New World i. Was a latecomer to colonization in the New World because it was busy with: 1. Foreign wars 2. Civil clashes between Roman Catholics and Protestant Huguenots ii. England was a latecomer to the New World for similar reasons b. Edict of Nantes Changes France i. Granted limited toleration of French Protestants, As a result: 1. Religious wars ceased a. France blossomed into the mightiest and most feared nation in Europe c. France in New France (Canada) i. King Louis XIV, a brilliant leader, reigned for 72 years (1643-1715) ii. He took a deep interest in overseas colonies iii. In 1608, a year after Jamestown, French settlement was established in Quebec iv. The leading figure was a soldier and explorer named Samuel de Champlain v. He entered into friendly relations with the nearby Huron Indian tribes. He joined them in battle against their foes, the federated Iroquois tribes. This would be a huge mistake for the French. The Iroquois: 1. Hampered French penetration of the Ohio Valley 2. Ravaged French settlements 3. Served as allies of the British (especially during the Seven Years’ War) d. Government of New France i. Fell under the direct control of the king after various commercial companies had faltered or failed ii. The royal regime was autocratic. The people elected no representative assemblies, nor did they enjoy the right to trail by jury, as in the English colonies e. Population Growth in New France i. Went slowly. By 1750, only 60,000 whites inhabited Canada ii. Landowning French peasants, unlike the dispossessed English tenant farmers, had little economic motive to move
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iii. Protestant Huguenots, who might have had a religious motive to migrate, were denied a refuge in this colony iv. The French government favored its Caribbean island colonies, rich in sugar and rum , over the snowy wilderness of Canada II. New France Fans Out a. Beaver Trade i. New France contained one valuable resource – the beaver. People valued beaver-pelt hats for their warmth and appearance ii. French fur-trappers ranged over the woods and waterways of North America in pursuit of beaver. They littered the land with scores of place names, including: 1. Baton Rouge (red stick) 2. Terre Haute (high land) 3. Des Moines (some monks) iii. Indians entered the fur trade as well iv. Consequences of the fur trade were: 1. Indians were decimated by the white man’s diseases and debauched (corrupted) by his alcohol 2. Slaughtering beaver by the boatload also violated many Indians’ religious beliefs and demonstrated the shattering effect that contact with Europeans wreaked on traditional Indian ways of life 3. Killing beaver all over Canada and America nearly extinguished the beaver population in many areas and inflicted incalculable ecological damage b. Missionaries i. French Catholic missionaries, notably the Jesuits, labored to save the Indians for Christ. Some of them suffered unspeakable
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The Duel for North America - The Duel for North America I...

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