The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism

The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism I. On to Canada Over Land and Lakes a. The Army i. Ill-trained, ill-disciplined, and widely scattered ii. It was supplemented by the worse militia iii. Old Revolutionary War generals b. Canada i. British forces were the weakest there ii. They should’ve attacked Montreal, the center of population and transportation, everything to the west might have died iii. Instead, there were three invading forces: 1. Detroit 2. Niagara 3. Lake Champlain iv. They were all beaten back as soon as they crossed the Canadian border c. British and Canadians i. Won many battles early on ii. In 1813, American land invasions were again hurled back d. Navy i. The American navy did much better than the army ii. Compared to the British, the American ships were: 1. Better handled 2. Had better gunners 3. Were manned by people who weren’t impressed (so they were eager to fight) iii. The Constitution is one of the notable ships – it was a thick ship that had heavy firepower – it is still commissioned by the navy and in Boston harbor e. American Victories i. An American naval officer, Oliver Hazard Perry managed to fended off attacks in the Great Lakes, a vital area to control. The British retreated from Detroit. This allowed: ii. Battle of the Thames – General Harrison’s land army beat the redcoats f. Late 1814 i. Napoleon was defeated and exiled to the Mediterranean isle of Elba
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
ii. Now, thousands of redcoats were freed up to fight in the war against America iii. The British again (10,000) wanted to cut off New England through the lake-river route iv. In Lake Champlain in September 1814, the U.S. defeated the British v. This saved: 1. At least upper New York 2. More fuel for criticism by New Englanders 3. Possible succession II. Washington Burned and New Orleans Defended a. Washington i. August 1914 – 4,000 British landed in the Chesapeake Bay and advanced on Washington ii. The Americans dispatched 6,000 panicky militia to Bladensburg iii. The British set fire to most of the public buildings, including the Capitol and the White House b. Baltimore i. The British fleet also hammered Fort McHenry with their cannon ii. However, they could not capture the city iii. Francis Scott Key, a detained American anxiously watching the bombardment from a British ship, was inspired by the
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/04/2012 for the course HISTORY 104 taught by Professor Reed during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

Page1 / 6

The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online