The South in the Age of Industry

The South in the Age of Industry - The South in the Age of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The South in the Age of Industry a. South and Agriculture/Manufacturing After the Civil War i. Was either sharecropping ii. Tenant farmers b. Cigarettes i. Southern agriculture received a boost in the 1880s when a machine-made cigarette producer replaced the make-your-own ii. James Buchanan Duke absorbed his main competitors into the American Tobacco Company iii. He eventually contributed heavily to Trinity College, near his birthplace in Durham, NC. They changed the name of the college in honor of him – Duke University c. Southern Industrialization i. Remained rural ii. Obstacles: 1. Rate-setting system – railroads gave preferential rates to manufactured goods moving southward from the North, but in the opposite direction they discriminated in favor of southern raw materials 2. Pittsburgh plus pricing system – rich deposits of coal and iron ore in Birmingham, AL was charged a fee by railroad companies as if it had been shipped from Pittsburgh d. Cotton Textiles i. Textiles thrived in the South ii. Became more industrialized through them, but hired cheap labor because this was attractive to potential investors. The intense struggle to find cheap labor caused them to be paid at half the rate of their northern counterparts and often received their compensation in the form of credit at a company store, to which they were always in debt iii. Blacks were excluded from all but the most menial jobs. Women and children could stay together by working in the mills iv. Many southerners, despite the poor conditions and pay, saw employment in the mills as a steady job and the only wages they had ever known XVI. The Impact of the New Industrial Revolution on America a. What Was the Impact of Industrialization? i.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/04/2012 for the course HISTORY 104 taught by Professor Reed during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

Page1 / 5

The South in the Age of Industry - The South in the Age of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online