{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

The Trail of Tears - The Trail of Tears a Western Expansion...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Trail of Tears a. Western Expansion i. 125,000 Native Americans lived in the forests and prairies east of the Mississippi in the 1820s ii. The government recognized tribes as separate nations and negotiated treaties with them iii. The government routinely violated their own treaties as the population went west b. Assimilating the Indians i. Many white Americans respected the Indians and thought they could be assimilated ii. They tried to “civilize” them by sending missionaries iii. In 1793, Congress appropriated $20,000 for the promotion of: 1. Literacy 2. Agriculture 3. Vocational instruction among the Indians c. Accommodating the Indians i. The Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminoles made a real effort to learn the way of the whites – “Five Civilized Tribes”; Cherokee Tribal Council 1. They gradually abandoned their seminomadic life and adopted a system of settled agriculture and private property 2. Missionaries opened schools 3. Created an alphabet 4. Wrote a legal code 5. Adopted a constitution that provided for an executive, legislative, and judicial branch 6. Some became prosperous slave owners on cotton plantations d. Not Good Enough! i. In 1828, the GA legislature declared: 1. The Cherokee tribal council illegal 2. Asserted its authority over Indian affairs and land ii. The Supreme Court upheld the Indians’ rights three times iii. Jackson refused to recognize their decisions because he wanted the lands open to white settlement – “John Marshall had made his decision; now let him enforce it” e. Uprooting of the Indians i. Jackson thought he would “rescue” the Indians by moving them west (to preserve their culture) ii. Emigration was to be voluntary (didn’t want to be cruel)
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
f. Indian Removal Act of 1830 i. Forced the uprooting of more than 100,000 Indians living east of the MI River (mostly Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminoles) ii.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern