The - The"Corrupt Bargain of 1824 a Candidates For the...

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The “Corrupt Bargain” of 1824 a. Candidates For the Presidency In 1824 i. John Quincy Adams (MA) ii. Henry Clay (KY) iii. William Crawford (GA) iv. Andrew Jackson (TN) 1. War hero 2. Had the strongest personal appeal, especially in the West 3. Campaigned against the forces of corruption and privilege in government v. All four professed to be “Republicans” – political parties were fuzzy at this point in history b. Election Results i. Jackson polled almost as many popular votes as his next two rivals combined, but failed to win a majority of the electoral vote ii. As a result, the House of Representatives votes for the president (top three candidates) iii. Clay was omitted, but he was Speaker of the House. As a result, he was in the position to throw the election 1. Crawford had a stroke 2. Jackson was hated by Clay, who challenged him to his popularity in the West and hated Jackson’s display of military strength in FL 3. The only candidate left was Adams, who supported Jackson in FL. Clay assured him of his support iv. Thanks to Clay’s behind-the-scenes influence, Adams was elected president v. A few days later, Adams announced that Henry Clay would be the new secretary of state. This office carries the most prestige in the cabinet (3 of the last 4 became president) vi. According to Jackson’s supporters, Adams had bribed Clay with the position c. Reaction of Americans i. Many people thought it was a “corrupt bargain” ii. Jackson condemned Clay as the “Judas of the West” d. Reality of What Happened i. No evidence has been found to prove that Adams and Clay entered into a formal bargain ii. Clay was a natural choice for secretary of state iii. Even if a bargain had been struck, it was not necessarily corrupt; deals of this nature had long been happening II. President John Quincy Adams a. Character/Looks
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i. Short, thick, and bald ii. Went swimming naked in the Potomac iii. Irritable, sarcastic, and tactless, but honest iv. Had a great knowledge of foreign affairs from his being secretary of state v. After his presidency, he served in the House or Representatives, where he argued against slavery and the removal of Native Americans b. Bad Start i. Were charges of “bargain” and “corruption” ii. Fewer than 1/3 of the voters had voted for him iii. Adams refused to oust efficient officeholders in order to create vacancies for his supporters (If the president would not reward party workers with political gains, why should they labor to keep him in office?) c.
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The - The"Corrupt Bargain of 1824 a Candidates For the...

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