Unformatted text preview: ended or pledged to end slavery. By the mid 1800's a small group of people known as "abolitionists" were calling for an end to slavery. William Lloyd Garrison was a leading abolitionist; he wanted not only to end slavery, but to grant full political rights to African Americans He launched the abolitionist newspaper the Liberator in 1831. He also founded the American AntiSlavery Society which sought ways to abolish slavery The Fight Against Slavery By 1804, all northern states had Fight Against Slavery Frederick Douglass was the most powerful black abolitionist during the mid 1800s. He was born a slave but escaped to the North and his speeches and personal experiences helped to gain momentum for the abolitionist movement "I appear this evening as thief and a robber. I stole this head, these limbs, this body from my master, And ran off with them." One way that abolitionists fought the system was through the "Underground Railroad" This was a network of both white and black abolitionists who helped serve and protect escaped slaves along their route to the North. Harriet Tubman was one of the leading "Conductors" and helped more than 300 slaves escape to freedom Fight Against Slavery Opposition to Abolition Both Northerners and Southerners could be against the abolition movement: Northerner manufacturers depended on the cotton from slave labor to produce clothing; northerners also feared freed blacks might take their jobs Southerners feared their "way of life" was being attacked; also losing a free labor force if slavery is abolished ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2012 for the course HISTORY 104 taught by Professor Reed during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.
- Spring '11