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Two+Party+System+American+2+of+6 - I—lulsl Ly Fdl ly 1...

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Unformatted text preview: I—lulsl Ly Fdl ly 1. Run abolitionist candidate James Birney, for president in 1844. 2. Won only 2% of the vote but drew votes from the Whigs, especially in New York. Whigs Split over slavery into: 1. Southern, "Cotton" Whigs who eventually drifted into the Democratic Party. I 2; Northern, "Conscience" Whigs who moved to new parties, to. Free Soil and, later, into the Republican Party. Free Soil Party Not abolitionist but opposed to xpansion of slavery in the territories. Won 10% of the popular vote with Martin Van Buren as their candidate in 1848. Lost 50% of their support in 1852 when their candidate repudiated the Compromise of 1850 American Party Populariy known as the "Know Nothing" Party. . , Nativist party based on opposition to immigration and on temperance. Run Millard Fillmore in 1856 and win 21% of the popular vote. Absorbed into the Republican Party after 1 B56. Republican Party 1. Formed in 1854 when a coalition of independent Democrats, Free Soiiers, and Conscience Whigs united in opposition to the Kansas~Nebraska Bill. 2. Stressed free labor and opposed the extension of slavery in the territories ("Free Soil, ' Free Labor, Free Menl"). 3. Moderates like Abraham Lincoln, could, therefore. oppose slavery on "moral" grounds as wrong, while admitting that slavery had a "right" allowed it to exist to exist where the Constitution originally 4. John C. Fremont was the first Republican presidential candidate in the election of 1856. The Election of 1860 Democrats 1. Split at its 1860 Convention in Charleston, South Carolina when a platform defending slavery was defeated andDeep South delegates walked out. 2. At a splinter convention held at Baltimore, Maryland. Stephen Douglas of lilinois was nominated as presidential candidate on a platform opposing any Congressional interference with slavery. 3. Southern delegates met and nominated John Breckenridge of Kentucky as a candidate on a pro-slavery platform. Republicans 'The Republicans, by this time a overtly sectional and decidedly opposed to slavery draw in most northerners with a platform favoring a homestead act, a protective tariff, and transportation improvements. ' The platform opposed the extension of slavery but defended the right of states to control their own "domestic institutions." Abraham Lincoln is nominated presidential candidate on the third ballot. It. ...
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