Outline_and_Summary_Samples - To what extent is memory...

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To what extent is memory reliable when producing knowledge of the past? Outline how you intend to develop your presentation Link to conclusions Outline 1 Outline 2 Outline 3 Outline 4 Outline 5 Outline 6 Outline 1 The first claim addresses how repression influences recovered memories using the study of Loftus et al. (1987). Looking at the Wok's of Emotion and Memory and the Aok of human sciences, this study shows how eyewitness testimonies have high levels of emotion involved in the encoding of memories, interfering with reliability. This idea is countered on the basis that real-life events that are witnessed have a higher chance of producing accurate memory recall. Using the study of Yuille and Cutshall (1986), addressing the Wok's of memory, emotion and language. Results showed that participants were able recall detail from a shooting accurately even after a long period of time, showing how memory is a reliable source for past knowledge. A further claim addresses how memories are altered, hence impacting our knowledge of history, using Trotsky and the Bolshevik revolution in Russia, with the Wok of memory. When Trotsky was removed from images, people weren't exercising the same neurons to remember him, showing how memory can fade over a period of time, decreasing reliability. Evidence to counter this idea surrounds surveys sent to survivors of the 9/11 attack, asking for details about their actions on the day. Mentioning the wok's of memory and emotion, results showed that memory level was kept consistent however, this may have been due to immense trauma accompanying the memory, which could be overriding the typical course of memory recall for a memory this old. This showed that memory is reliable to an extent, depending on the context of said memory. Outline 1b Repression can influence recovered memories as seen in Loftus and Palmer (1987) where eye-witness testimony about a man with a weapon, and one without was investigated. Loftus concluded that the weapon drew more attention than the man’s face, showing that heightened emotion in dangerous situations of repression can lead to unreliable memories, connecting the WOKs of memory and emotion. On the other hand, real-life events that are witnessed can lead to accurate memory-recall, shown by Yuille and Cutshall (1986) who used witnesses from a real crime. Researchers changed the words they used in questioning, however the responses were not affected by this, demonstrating how eyewitnesses are reliable and depend on the emotions of the experience. A source of memory can be altered due to our own perspectives and biases, thus affecting our knowledge of history. This can be seen through Trotsky and the Bolshevik revolution, where Trotsky was a leader in the Russian Communist Party. He fell out of favor with Stalin, who as a result wiped any evidence of him ever existing, connecting to the WoK of memory - in this case memory alteration.

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