03web - LINGUISTICS 1, WEB QUIZ #3 1. LISTEMES AND RULES 2....

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1 L INGUISTICS 1, W EB Q UIZ #3 1. LISTEMES AND RULES 2. ARBITRARY RELATION BETWEEN FORM AND MEANING 3. NAMES FOR THINGS 4. BOUND ROOTS 5. DERIVATION AND INFLECTION I 6. DERIVATION AND INFLECTION II 7. WORD STRUCTURE TREES 8. USING WORD STRUCTURE TO MAKE JOKES 9. MORPHOLOGY IN A LANGUAGE OTHER THAN ENGLISH 10. MORPHEME COMPATABILITY 1. LISTEMES AND RULES The following expressions can be classified as either: LISTEME or FORMED BY RULE. A LISTEME is an expression that would have to be learned as a specific item of English. An expression is FORMED BY RULE if you could create it and/or understand it without having previously encountered it simply by knowing the words and morphemes and the rules for putting words and sentences together. (The intended meaning of each expression is given below it in small type. Refer only to the meaning given there. Which one is FORMED BY RULE? a. nonalcoholic (containing no alcohol) b. nonchalant (giving the appearance being unconcerned) c. yellow jacket (a type of wasp with yellow and black stripes) d. boysenberry (a kind of small, red, hybrid fruit) e. My dad jumped down my throat. (my male parent got angry with me) 2. ARBITRARY RELATION BETWEEN FORM AND MEANING Below are five flags. A flag usually bears an ARBITRARY (= non-iconic) or NON- ARBITRARY (= iconic) relationship to the place it represents. Which ONE beow bears a NON-ARBITRARY relationship to the place it represents? a. FINLAND b. KOREA
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Linguistics 1, Web Quiz 3 2 c. ANTARCTICA d. UNITED STATES e. ITALY 3. NAMES FOR THINGS Below are pictures of five types of "fasteners" for clothes with their respective names.
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03web - LINGUISTICS 1, WEB QUIZ #3 1. LISTEMES AND RULES 2....

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