CT day 4 - Paradigms Post-Positivism objective and avoiding...

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2/1/12 Paradigms Post-Positivism objective and avoiding change Roots: Enlightenment and rise of science Classical Positivism: Philosophy developed by Auguste Comte in 1800s Knowledge must move beyond theological and mystical to scientific/positive stage In positiv/scientific stage, foundation of knowledge is in observable phenomena and formal logic Logical Positivism add notions of verifiability and falsifiability The Demise of Positivism Logical positivism largely rejected by the 1960s Verifiability principle came under serious question Observation seen as value-laden rather than value-free Logical positivists seen as detached from workings of actual scientists What emerges in its place? For some, markedly different paradigms For many, a kinder, gentler positivism called post-positivism Ontology: Post-positivists are modified realists or social constructionists Emphasize patterns and reification Epistemology: Post-positivists are modified objectivists Looking for patterns/regularities Separation between knower/known exists, but is only partial Follow scientific methods, but most as a guide
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  • Spring '07
  • Theiss
  • Auguste Comte, Positivism Logical positivism, interaction and Propositions Relationships, logic Logical Positivism, science Classical Positivism

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