Interpretive+Paradigm - Interpretive Paradigm and...

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Unformatted text preview: Interpretive Paradigm and Communication Theory Interpretive Historical Background Historical o Reaction against enlightenment • Interest in subjective spirit (not all about rationally) Interest subjective • Interest in understanding of the everyday life world Interest understanding everyday (not seeking grand truths that explain everything that (not goes on. Our goal is describing things that happen to goes people in their local settings) people o Key Foundations: • Hermeneutics: o Text is understood through consideration of author, context, situation, and of researcher’s knowledge (if you want to researcher’s understand a text, you can’t understand understand by bringing your own theories, you have by to combine knowledge, the situation, to knowledge) knowledge) • Phenomenology (tries to get at the notion of the everyday life world being important, after isolated everyday everyday phenomenon) • Symbolic interactionism (looking for meaning as it arises from interaction) arises • Paradigm Positions (See chart) • Interpretive Theory: Meta-theoretical Commitments o Ontology: (nature of reality, existence) (nature • Nominalist or social constructionist (middle sort of social ground) positions that emphasizes ongoing construction ground) of social reality of • Multiple and intersubjective meanings o Epistemology: • Subjective position that emphasizes situated and local knowledge from the actor’s point of view knowledge • Rejection of scientific methods that seek generalized knowledge and causal relationships knowledge • Cultural insider is way to know • Interpretive Theory: Meta-theoretical Commitments o Axiology: o Human Will: o Stability/Change: • Belief that personal and professional values are a lens through which phenomena are observed through • Values are asset more than a liability • Free will, not determined • Like post-positivists, very much concerned with describing existing situation; status quo preserved describing Which of the following is true about the interpretive paradigm? Answer: assumes human free will • General Interpretive Theories o General interpretive theories strive to develop understanding of intersubjective processes of reality construction processes o General interpretive theories seek an understanding; description, not General understanding; explanation explanation o Criteria for evaluation: • Mostly same as post-positivist • Plus depth of understanding beyond commonsense Plus • Grounded Interpretive Theories o Addresses problems in post-positivism: • Interest in verification rather than theory creation • Allegiance to existing theory over new ones o Answer: Grounded theory Answer: Grounded • Driven by empirical observation--it is grounded in data from multiple sources from • Depends on comparative analysis of multiple data sources (constant comparative method) sources • Produced in a systematic way • Result is often a narrative description/theory May look more like a story. Still abstraction that helps us understand May Which of the folling is NOT true about grounded theory? Which -should use a constant comparative method -should ring true to research participants -should be grounded in data…as generalizable Grounded Theory Criteria Grounded o 7 Criteria from Strauss & Corbin • Are concepts/categories generated? • Are concepts/categories systematically related? • Is there “conceptual density” (multiple links between well-developed categories)? well-developed • Is variation built into the theory? • Are broader conditions built into explanations? • Has “process” been taken into account? • Are theoretical findings practically significant? Are • iMore Grounded Theory Criteria o Other key criteria (Marshall): • Detailed records of procedures • Biases are expressed; assumptions made clear • Clear evidence from data exists to support theory • Tolerance for ambiguity and alternate explanations • Transferability (not generalizability) of findings • Based on “days in field” more than existing theory • Range of activities is observed/sampled • Data is available; findings are accessible • Efforts are made to protect participants • People in research setting benefit from findings • “Member checks” help to validate findings • Paradigm Wars: -Interpretivism vs Post-positivims -Interpretivism For each question, tell me if that links more to an interpretivis or postpositivism paradigm? For Which assumes want to be close to what theorizing—interpretive Which • What they share… o o o o o Valid; legitimate Scholarly community critiques; rigorous Inquiry and theory still matter Status quo Status Both exist in a pluralistic discipline ...
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