DESIGN CREATIVITY AND DESIGN THINKING FOR ENGINEERS 1Design Creativity and Design Thinking for EngineersNameInstitution
DESIGN CREATIVITY AND DESIGN THINKING FOR ENGINEERS 2Design Creativity and Design Thinking for EngineersThe global competitiveness has necessitated new skills in various aspects . Design thinking is one of the crucial skills that is essential in the production and development of innovation [1, 2]. Design is an indispensable aspect for any engineers. Engineers are often required to develop effective solutions to problems to improve social life. In the development of the designs, engineers are required to apply scientific principles to the design process in a creative way . Cooperrider states that creativity is an essential component of the design's concept phase. Design thinking refers to a creative process of conducting experimentation, evaluation of the experiment and redesigning an entity . Therefore, an inference can be made that relates design thinking to creativity. Design thinking has become an integral part of engineering. This paper provides a review of design creativity and thinking regarding engineering. In evaluating design creative and thinking for engineers, the paper considers the design process and the nature of creative thinking. The paper then considers the connection between creativity and engineering. Moreover, the paper considers some of the approaches used in improving creativity among engineers. The Design ProcessCooperrider  categorizes the simplest design process is the Express-Test-Cycle. The express stage involves generation of concept using various activities such as ideation, problem definition, sketching, and brainstorming. The Test stage involves vetting and testing of the generated ideas using a specific criterion. The Cycle stage is involved in the improvement of the ideas upon their testing as new issues arise after its implementation. Creativity is of pivot role in the express stage. Gero, Jiang and Williams  explain that this phase involves creative activitiesused in the generation of alternatives aiming to meet a particular design’s requirement. Divergentthinking is required in this phase and hence the high level of design thinking that is characterizedby creativity . The design process entails multistep that constitute design thinking . Design thinking entails a combination of various factors that relate to a given problem in the process of problem-solving. It requires obtaining relevant knowledge about a problem, employ empathy with users, identification of target customers and the creation of prototypes. The last stage of this step involves the testing of the prototypes. The process of design thinking helps engineers to have insights that are essential for creativity.