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AHIS120g_11 - Apollo Belvedere A classic Celebrated by...

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Apollo Belvedere A classic. Celebrated by inckelmann – most notably he wrote a history of  ancient art in mid 18 th  century which was a formative narrative. Many of the  ideas that we have of ideas of how to view art come from him. This kind of  evolution of art comes essentially from his notion, and so does this quote –  “noble simplicity by grandeur”. Classical art for him. Antonio canova , perseus with… Clearly references Apollo belvedere. Antonio one of the most celebrated  artists of his time.  Classicism Winckelmann, History of the Art of Antiquity “The older style” = Archaic “The sublime style” = Classical (high classical, Parthenon) “The Beautiful Style: = the late classical (very elegant and graceful style) “Style of the Imitators” = Hellenistic and Roman (imitating the past, the  implication here is that there is a lack of imagination and technical ability so  they turn to the past.) Hellenistic Empire Empire in 323 BC Alexander the great died in 323 at the age of 33. He was a young man, but a  hero in his own time, very celebrated. Reputedly very learned, and good  looking. His tutor was Aristotle. During his short time he conquered a vast  region. Greece spread its boundaries out particularly towards the east.  Modern day Pakistan, Afghanistan, middle-east, Africa, Egypt and all of  Greece. Movement of art towards the east. After he died, his successors  fought bitterly over this territory and it became fragmental. It became more  diverse.  Hellenism 323 BCE – 168 BCE Alexander’s territory was split up into different kingdoms, often at war with  each other – time of discontinuity. 
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Nike of Samothrace, Paris Designated work of hellinistic art because she falls into that category. She is  considered an original greek sculpture. Makes a good comparison with the  high and late classical – and winckleman thought they were imitations and  didn’t appreciate it.  Close view: drapery, her pose, forward stance implying movement. Something  very dramatic about her – characteristics of Hellenistic art. in those respects it  differs from classical periods. She is standing on a ship. Standing above, idea of wind that is rushing  through the speed of the ship. When this was excavated the French carried it  away to paris. One of the massive pieces of the louvre.  Pegamon, Muserum Berlin (not on slide list) Present day turkey, far into the east. Central pegamon had a high population  of sculptors – became popular. Active, dramatic, full of expression,  excitement, movement, etc. technique is extraordinary. Marble is deeply under  cut. Sculptures all over, up the staircase – as if they are progressing with you 
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