unit 3 - SU 2 - Dealing with adversity TOPIC PREVIEW B Read...

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Unformatted text preview: Dealing with adversity TOPIC PREVIEW B Read the facts about people who overcame difficult situations. 26 Thomas Edison is famous for his many inventions, most notably his perfection of the electric lightbulb. Less well-known is the fact that his success with the lightbulb came only after he persisted through an estimated 10,000 failed experiments and unworkable ideas. Built to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution, the Eiffel Tower has become one of the most recognized symbols of France. But designer Alexandre Eiffel's masterpiece was hated by most Parisians as it was being built. It inspired such slurs as "the iron skeleton" and “the hollow candlestick." One of the most beloved children’s book authors of all time, Dr. Seuss wrote and illustrated 46 books, which have sold over 200 million copies around the world. However, his first book, the classic And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street, was considered so unlikely to appeal to children that it was rejected by 26 publishers before one finally accepted it. Peter Tchaikovsky is considered one of the most talented composers of all time. Yet he was not always regarded as a genius. Much to Tchaikovsky's horror, several violinists refused to play his newly written Violin Concerto, describing it as "unviolinistic." An influential critic of the time rejected the work as "music that stinks to the ear." Now answer the questions in your own way. 1. Which of the facts on page 26 do you think is the most interesting or inspiring? Why? 2. What are some difficult situations that you have experienced in your own life? Look at the pictures. Then check the sentence that matches each one. ‘l. [:1 She was going out of her mind, 2. D It was pitch black, but but he was scared to death. everyone kept their cool. D She kept her cool, but he felt a 1:] When the people saw the cliff, little shaky. they went out of their minds. 3. E] It wasn't pitch black, but it 4. E] The doctor was a little shaky. was preny dark' [3 The patient was scared to death. [:1 It was pitch black, and he was going out of his mind. Did you know . . . that its possible to literally be scared to death? The actual cause of death is a heart attack brought on by sudden. intense stress. And although there are hundreds of documented cases of people actually dying of fright. the statistics arent as impressive as they might at first seem. Eighty-five to ninety percent of victims had heart disease, and their already weak hearts were pushed beyond their limits by the emotional jolt of fear. Dealing with adversity 2 7 LESSON 1 El Read the true sto ry about a d . undernned verbs_ angerous and (haueng'ng experience. 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'|\ In Q1: lu‘hm \‘lt’ I'iH'l‘. In 1hr ~url.u (- kil puruh 1rd .uul mml muld 1w :w our of hi> iinum Hummunii Minn “uh hi~ Ml}- Ihnib in lapping hi~ \Vuh hvr l'l'anl'kdhlt‘ .|\\i\l;llli't‘. “minimum unmle pruiml [rum hi~ hnnu‘. illnih look up \lnd'u'x in ruginwril 1|lulvr~Luul\thinglmhplanx l- .n lht‘ rnanH iiun ~i1t'. Urn ln-im'r il~ upvninu nu In ~_\11|lmli'/.r triumph .md inurnu'ux .uul (It-lu'rminaliun. in llurh'rn nuns slu' um'rxuu \ml'k Mm “l i. HUM. iht‘ inidm- lmd unnu- lntlm 1hr linmkhn Bullw- rrnmim u lrihuh‘ In prrwwrzuu :- Now corn lete ' p the chart. Write the underlined verbs in the correct categories Simple past verb 5 Past perfect verbs Past continuous verbs Past perfect ' continuous verbs 28 UNIT 3 a Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of each verb in parentheses. 1. John Roebling (try) to convince people of his plans past perfect continuous for the bridge long before the project (become) a reality. simple past 2. John (die) before his son Washington past perfect simple past (take over) as chief engineer. 3. Construction of the bridge (lead) to tragedies and simple past triumph in the Roebling family. 4. Emily Roebling (study) engineering while her husband past continuous Washington (give) orders for her to carry out. past continuous 5. Emily (help) Washington for thirteen years before the past perfect continuous bridge (be) finally complete. simple past a Circle the action that occurred first in each sentence. 1.when the sun finally came out. 2. He was taking a nap when suddenly the alarm clock woke him up. 3. Marianne decided to take action when she got tired of waiting. 4. By the time i found out the news, everyone had heard about it. 5. Mr. Green was waiting for a phone call when someone knocked on the door. 6. They had sent several messages to the company before they got a response. 7. Nancy had been engaged to someone else when she met Jonathan. 8. When the package finally arrived, they'd been expecting it for three weeks. 9. Jennifer saw the ad when she was looking through the newspaper. 10. I had called the office three times before I finally got hold of someone. “Failure is merely an opportunity to more intelligently begin again.“ — Henry Ford. I863—l947 U.S. industrialist. automobile manufacturer Dealing with adversity 29 a Look at the cartoon. Then use appropriate tenses (simple past, past perfect. past continuous, or past perfect continuous) and the verbs in parentheses to complete the sentences. There may be more than one correct answer. 1. Bud (consider) snowboarding down the mountain when Gretchen (dare) him to do it. 2. Before Gretchen (say) he should do it, Bud (think) that snowboarding down the mountain was probably a bad idea. 3. Bud (start) to snowboard down the mountain before Gretchen (tell) him to stop. 4. When he (hear) Gretchen yell, Bud (get) really nervous. 5. While he (roll) down the mountain, Bud (decided) never to snowboard with Gretchen again. LESSON 2 Complete the sentences with no matter + who, what, when, why, where, or how. 1. My grandmother hated to be told she couldn’t do something. No matter who tried to discourage her, she never gave up her dream of becoming a pilot. 2. Georgia was really frustrated with the last company she worked for. She put in a lot of long hours, but hard she worked, her boss never gave her any recognition. 30 UNIT 3 3. That story is completely false. told it to you, there's no way that there's any truth to it. It’s only a rumor. 4. There's never a good time to talk to Harry about that. I bring up the subject, he never wants to discuss it. anyone tells her, she's going to do what she wants. She's not taking anyone's advice. 6. Tracy and Jack are still trying to choose a location for their wedding. they decide to have it, I’m sure everything will be gorgeous. They have such great taste. 7. Credit card companies don’t care if you have a good reason for making your payment past the due date. you’re late, they still charge you a fee. a Read the conversation. Then write sentences describing how the two speakers feel encouraged or discouraged. Use correct forms of the phrases in the box. Marissa: Annie: Marissa: Annie: Marissa: Annie: Marissa: Annie: Marissa: Hey, what's wrong? You look really stressed out. I am. I'm not sure if I can stay at my job much longer. My boss is really tough, and sometimes that gets to me. I know what you mean. My boss is the same way. And it can get to me, too. ReaHy? Of course. It’s natural. Everyone feels discouraged sometimes. But you shouldn't quit your job. You’re smart, and you’re a really hard worker. Do you really think so? Absolutely. I know so. You know what? You're right! I'm not going to quit just because things get difficult. Thanks. | feel so much better. You really lifted my spirits. Anytime. You can do it. Don’t forget that! cheer (someone) up) / lift (someone’s) spirits discourage (someone) from (doing something) encourage (someone) to (do something) feel like giving up I feel discouraged keep at it / stick with it / refuse to give up let (something) get to you I let (something) get you down talk (someone) out of (something) Somgthfiflnnie lets her bgs_s_ggf_h r l l l i *Lx/A [WWNWM Dealing with adversity 3 1 LESSON 3 a Read the true story about confronting adversity. Then answer the questions. ’ Storiesthatinspireoom File Edit Links Tools Help Chat Stories— that inspire In 1977 Terry Fox was an athletic teenager growing up near Vancouver. British Columbia. But X-rays taken after Fox felt sharp pains in his right knee revealed unthinkable results: bone cancer. Fox's right leg was amputated l5 centimeters ab0ve the knee when he was only 18. But Fox wouldn't be discouraged. Just three weeks after his surgery. he was walking with an artificial leg. He took up sports and running again. and then fostered a new. incredible plan: to run across Canada and raise money for cancer research. He set a goal of S] for every Canadian. In letters he sent asking for sponsorship. he said: "I'm not saying that this will initiate any kind of definitive answer or cure to cancer. but I believe in miracles. I have to." He called his run “The Marathon of Hope." On April 12. 1980. Fox splashed his artificial leg in the Atlantic Ocean and began his coast-to-coast run. He ran 42 kilometers a day (the equivalent of a marathon!) through the provinces of Newfoundland. Quebec. and Ontario. News of Fox's journey and the money he collected grew. By the time he reached Toronto. he had attained celebrity status. Crowds lined the streets to watch him pass by. providing a flood of emotional and financial support. But on September 1. after 143 days. adversity rose again. Cancer had appeared in Fox's lungs. forcing him to stop running. At a press conference announcing the news. he said. “i just wish people would realize that anything's possible if you try. Dreams are made if people try." Inspired by these words. people rallied to collect even more money. By February l98l. $24.17 million had been raised. equal to Canada’s population at the time. But while Fox's dream was coming true. he was fighting for his life. The cancer progressed quickly. Canada and the world were devastated when Terry Fox passed away on June 28. l98l. at age 22. That September. the first Terry Fox Run was held. Over 300.000 people participated. raising $3.5 million. Terry Fox Runs are now held in 60 countries annually. through which more than $360 million has been raised fer cancer research. 1. What obstacles did Terry Fox face? Which did he overcome? 2. How would‘you describe Fox's attitude in dealing with adversity? if you were faced with challenges like Fox's, what do you think your attitude would be? 3. Do you know someone who has inspired people by overcoming an obstacle? What obstacle did the person overcome? 32 UNIT 3 Em Challenge. Reread the article about Helen Keller on page 32 in the Student’s Book. Compare Helen Keller and Terry Fox. How are they similar? How are they different? Complete the diagram to compare these two people. Helen Keller Terry Fox BOTH faced Physical hardships had her handicap from 90+ sick when a very young age he was older LESSON 4 in Complete the chart with the correct parts of speech. Adjective bravely willing Courageous heroically proud fearlessly generosity confidence in Complete the sentences. Use words from the chart in Exercise 11. There may be more than one correct answer. 1. Although Jim has studied French for many years, he lacks in his language ability. He never speaks in class because he’s sure that he'll make a lot of mistakes. 2. The girl’s parents watched from the audience as their daughter received her university diploma. She was the first person in the family to graduate from college. 3. Mrs. Monroe is well known for making donations to local charities. Last year she gave a large sum of money to the children's hospital so that they could build a new cancer treatment center. 4. The salespeople at the All-Terrain Sports Shop are always to help their customers. They usually offer to help before you even ask. 5. When the firefighter heard that several children were trapped in their bedrooms, he repeatedly entered the burning house to rescue them. The firefighter was honored for his 6. My two-year-old son isn‘t afraid of anything—he loves climbing, jumping, and swimming. He even loves snakes and spiders! He's completely Dealing with adversity 3 3 [B Read the profile of Paul Rusesabagina. Then answer the questions. The Courage and Compassion of an Ordinary Man aul Rusesabagina. a manager of Pthe Hotel Mille Collines in the Rwandan capital of Kigali. did not consider himself an extraordinary man. He was. however. an exceptionally effective businessman. skilled at using his connections with the rich and powerful to keep his hotel running smoothly and to obtain for his hotel guests the best of everything. He knew. for example. that flattering words and gifts of imported liquor and Cigars would Win him favors from government offiCials. But on April 6. 1994. neither Rusesabagina nor most Rwandans could get the only thing that they wanted: safety. On that day. an ethnic group known as the Hutus began killing another ethnic group. the Tut5is As a Hutu. Paul Rusesabagina saved the lives of over 1,200 people during the Rwandan genocide ol 1994. Rusesabagina was safe. But his Wife. a Tut5i. and their three children. were not. With his thoughts focused on his family. Rusesabagina took them to the hotel for safety. He didn't con5ider taking in other Tutsis or making the hotel a refuge. But as people arrived at the hotel begging for help. he felt he had no ChOICE. Rusesabagina ended up accepting over 1,200 refugees into the hotel For 100 days while the killing went 0n outSide. Rusesabagina held off the soldiers from invading the hotel. He used money and luxury goods from the hotel to bribe them. He called in every favor owed to him. When the killing was finally over. Rusesabagina. his family, and most of the refugees had survived. 1. Why do y0u think Paul Rusesabagina did not consider himself an extraordinary man? 2. According to the profile, what special talents or abilities did Rusesabagina have? 3. Do you think that Rusesabagina's experiences or actions in Rwanda made him a hero? Explain why or why not. 34 UNIT 3 Grammar Booster a Complete each sentence. Circle the letter. 1. She to work when her car suddenly started smoking. a. would drive b. has driven c. was driving 2. I Turkish food a few times, and I really like it. a. used to eat b. have eaten c. was going to 3. We soccer last weekend. a. would play b. used to play c. played 4. They vegetables at the market this morning, but it was closed. a. were going to buy b. bought c. would buy 5. I you yesterday, but I didn’t have time. a. had called b. was going to call c. was calling 6. Everyone at the office at 8:30 this morning. a. was b. used to be c. has been 7. The workers painting the house before the storm started. a. have finished b. used to finish c. had finished 8. I always knew I a house near the beach one day. a. would buy b. bought c. had bought 9. Tom meat, but now he doesn't. a. was going to eat b. used to eat c. was eating B Cross out the word or phrase that does not correctly complete each sentence. 1. As a child, Betsy used to bother / bothered / was bothering her younger brothers a lot. 2. The team had been working / used to work / had worked on the project for months before it was finally finished. 3. I had walked / walked / was walking there twice before I learned I could take a bus. 4. The secretary had left / left / was leaving a message for Mr. Reynolds on Monday evening before she went home. 5. She thought that she would see / had seen / had been seeing that movie by herself. 6. She used to study / has studied / studied all the time when she was a student. 7. They were waiting / had been waiting / waited for over an hour before their table was ready. What About You? Answer the questions in your own way. 1. What did you do yesterday evening? 2. What is something that you used to do when you were a child? 3. What is something that you thought you would have done by the age that you are now? 4. What is something that you've done a few times in the past year? Dealing with adversity 3 5 Writing: Write a story about a hero Step 1. Prewriting. “Freewriting” to generate ideas. 0 Choose a story about a hero. It can be a true or fictional story. It could be about someone you know personally or someone famous. On a separate sheet of paper. write for five to ten minutes all the details about the story you can think of. Write quickly. Do not take time to conect spelling, punctuation, verb forms, time order, etc. 0 Then read what you wrote. Choose ideas you would like to develop and put them in logical order. Step 2. Writing. On a separate sheet of paper, tell your story. Use sequence words, prepositional time phrases, adverbial time clauses, and past verb forms to narrate the events logically. Use the story about Paul Rusesabagina in Exercise 13 as a model. Step 3. Self-Check. C] Is the chronological sequence of the events in your narrative clear and logical? E] Did you use time and sequence words? E] Did you use the correct punctuation? [3 Did you use correct past tense verb forms? 36 UNIT 3 ...
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unit 3 - SU 2 - Dealing with adversity TOPIC PREVIEW B Read...

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