unit 5 - SU 2 - — It’s all in your mind TOPIC PREVIEW...

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Unformatted text preview: —.._.____..__._ It’s all in your mind TOPIC PREVIEW Read the superstitions. Guess the country where each superstition originated. Write the letter on the line. (See answers below.) 1. A bride should not wear pearls on her wedding a. Turkey day because they represent the tears she wull cry in b. Vietnam her marriage. 2. The first person who visits your home in a new year c. Argentina will be important in your life for the rest of the year. d. Mexico 3. If you find one white hair on an all black cat, e. Korea you II have good luck. f. France 4. If you stand between two people whose names are the same, make a wish: the wish will come true. 5. Don’t wash your hair before you take a test. If you do, you'll wash away your memories and forget what you studied. 6. If you always put sugar in your coffee cup before you add coffee. you'll become rich. eugiuamv '3 '9 2910): '3'; Ream; 'e'y aaueig 3‘s uneuzagA 'q '2 oagxaw ‘p'; What About You? Answer the questions in your own way. 1. What are some popular superstitions from your own country? 2. Do you believe in any of these superstitions? Do you ever follow superstitions, even if you don't believe in them? Explain why or why not. 50 LESSON 1 Read the article. Then complete the statements, according to the article. Circle the letter. Aisle or Window Sent? Superstitious or Non-superstitious? in today 's scientific world. many people are reluctant to admit to believing in superstitions. But talk to a few people in the travel industry. and you'll soon leam that superstition is alive and well around the world. In much of the Western world. the number l3 is considered had luck. Next time you're traveling by air. try looking for mw number l3 on your airplane. Chances are. there isn‘t one. Few airlines have a row l3. and most airlines don't offer flight numbers that contain that number. The airlines offer different reasons for this. One airline spokesperson noted that the taboo associated with the number I3 is art old tradition that has persisted only because it would be too expensive to renumber the was on hundreds of airplanes. A spokesperson for a different airline admitted that the airline omits mw l3 because too many passengers refuse to sit in those seats. Travel industry studies even show that travel declines on “unlucky" days. such as the thirteenth day of the month. In pans of Asia. the number 4 is considered unlucky because it has a similar pronunciation to that of the Chinese word for “death." In Japan. the number 9 is avoided because it sounds like the Japanese word for “torture.“ Some Asian airlines skip these numbers when numbering airplane rows. (Curiously. although the number I3 is not considered unlucky by most Asians. mw 13 is also often skipped.) Visit Seoul's brand-new lnchon Airport. and you'll notice that there are no gates numbered 4. 13. or 44. 1. The article 9'!” Superstitions about numbers can also be positive. In China. the number 8 is considered lucky because iLs pronunciation is similar to that of the Chinese word that means “to strike it rich." When one airline recently introduced a flight from Beijing to Newark. they named it Flight 88 and offered a "lucky“ $888 round-trip ticket price. In the United States. where the numbers 7 and II are believed to bring good fortune. flight numbers containing these numbers are very common for flights to the gambling casinos of Las Vegas. Superstitious behavior isn't limited to passengers-flight attendants and flight crew have a reputation for being superstitious. too. Some have been known to refuse hotel rooms whose numbers coincided with those of flights that ended in tragedy. Whether our superstitions are rooted in tradition or personal experience. it seems that most of us pack them up and take them with us. no matter where in the world we travel. offers advice on avoiding bad luck on a trip recommends that the travel industry change policies that are based on superstitions c. explains how superstitions affect the travel industry 2. is considered by many travelers to be unlucky. F!” c. An airport gate numbered 7 A seat in the thirteenth row of an airplane An airline flight number that contains the number 8 It's all In your mlnd 5 ‘l 3. The article claims that a. passengers are more superstitious than flight attendants b. Asian travelers are more superstitious than travelers from other parts of the world c. some passengers avoid traveling on days of the month that are considered unlucky 4. The article does not claim that a. believing in superstitions is old-fashioned b. superstitions exist all over the world c. some airlines choose lucky flight numbers to increase ticket sales B What About You? Answer the questions In your own way. 1. What numbers are considered lucky or unlucky in your country? Can y0u explain why? 2. Are there any numbers that you personally consider lucky or unlucky? Why or why not? Complete the sentences. Use phrases from the box. Not all of the phrases will be used. Some will be used more than once. a bolt of a clap of a game of a loaf of a symbol of an article of a bowl of a drop of a grain of a piece of an act of 1. According to Chinese feng shui, Mandarin ducks are love because they mate with a single partner for life. Placing a pair of wood or crystal ducks in the southwest corner of your home is said to improve your romantic life. 2. British sailors who were experiencing bad luck on an ocean voyage had an unusual method of discovering the person responsible—they baked .. bread with wood inside. At mealtime, the unfortunate sailor who found this wood in his bread was determined to be unlucky and was ordered off the ship. 3. In many Asian countries, standing chopsticks upright in ..... , ........ rice is very bad manners—it's .. ., death. 4. According to one old superstition, thunder after a funeral means that the person's soul has reached its final resting place. 5. Although people of some ancient cultures feared strong storms. early Scandinavians welcomed them. They believed that lightning during a summer storm caused crops to ripen. 6. A common modern-day superstition, especially among athletes, is the belief that clothing can bring good luck. Some athletes even refuse to wash their lucky clothing until the end of their competitive season. 52 UNIT 5 7. One superstition about witches states that any witch who does harm to another person will receive three times that much harm upon herself. But kindness will be rewarded threefold. 8. According to a superstition from Belize. blood taken from the little finger of a man's left hand and secretly put in a woman’s drink will make the woman fall passionately in love with him. a Read the superstitions. Write c ifthe sentence is correct or] if it is incorrect. Fix the incorrect sentences. 1. I If you play a tennis, it's bad luck to hold more than two balls when you serve. 2. Never play a game of cards with a dog in the same room, or it will lead to arguments. 3. To ensure a "sweet life," a bride should put a few grains of sugar in her glove on her wedding day. 4. Be careful with salt. You'll cry one tear for each salt that you spill. 5. Pulling out a white hair will cause ten more to grow in its place. 6. Dropping a comb while you are combing your hairs is a sign of a coming disappointment. A Joke One day. a little girl noticed that her mother, ‘. had several white hairs sticking out from fie '. t rest of her dark hair ‘ The 31.1 looked at her mother and asked. 2 ‘Mom why are some of your hairs white?" ‘ Her mother replied. 'Well. every time , that you do something that worries me. one of my hairs turns white” 1: The little girl thought about this for a -.j ‘ while and then said. 'Mom. how come All. of "r? Grandma' s hairs are white?’ 3 27 It’s all in your mind 5 3 LESSON 2 Complete the sentences. Insert g, an, or the before a noun or noun phrase where necessary. Write X if the noun should not have an article. 1. Phishing is scam designed to steal a person's identity. Victims of scam receive e-mail that appears to come from trusted website such as their bank or favorite shopping site. e-mail attempts to trick people into disclosing valuable personal information like credit card numbers, passwords, or account data. 2. Until the 18005, British doctors believed that tomatoes were poisonous and caused conditions like "brain fever” and cancer. In fact, tomato is highly nutritious and a good source of vitamin A, important for healthy hair and skin. 3. There's new product being marketed on Internet called "Exercise in a Bottle.” In pop-up ads, the company claims that product will burn fat while the user is just sitting around doing nothing or even sleeping. ads also state that consumers can enjoy fried chicken, pizza. and other high-calorie, high-fat products and still lose weight. 4. U.S.-based company is in the business of selling stars. For $48 you can purchase star and name it. company has faced a great deal of criticism from astrologers and consumer groups, who point out that the certificates of purchase issued by the company aren’t recognized by any other organization. "They can't sell sun because it's not theirs to sell," states one critic of the company. a What About You? Think of an ad you've seen that you think has a suspicious claim. What is the claim, and why do you think it's suspicious? 54 UNIT 5 LESSON 3 a Complete the conversation between two friends. Use the expressions with mind from the box. Change verb forms and pronouns as necessary. be all in one's mind keep (something) in mind be out of one's mind make up one's mind change one's mind WWW Kelly: Hey, let’s go to a spa on Saturday. We can relax and enjoy ourselves. Let's forget about work and __pu'!’ if ouf ofoyr minds Andrea: That sounds great, but I can't. I‘m going {6 a class. Actually, it’s a seminar—to help me get over my fear of dogs. Kelly: Really? I didn't know you were afraid of dogs. Andrea: Yeah. I know the reason isn't really logical or real, and the fear I , but I've had trouble getting over it. Kelly: 50 what made you decide to try to get over your fear now? Andrea: Well, it's a little embarrassing. People think I when I’m terrified of a tiny dog. Kelly: Everyone's afraid of something. Try to , c if you feel bad about your fear. Andrea: I know. but it's still hard. Everyone in my family loves dogs, and they each have at least one. So I've s that I want to get over my fear so I can go visit them. Kelly: Well, good luck with the class. And if you about going to the spa, let me know. Reedtheoonversetionageln.ThendIeckmorhbgforeechstetement false true 1. Kelly suggests visiting a spa to relieve work-related stress. El E1 2. Kelly has a phobia. [:l D 3. Andrea thinks that her fear of dogs is irrational. E] E] 4. Kelly thinks Andrea's fear is crazy and foolish. [:1 El 5. Kelly offers Andrea a suggestion to help her deal El [:1 with the stress her fear causes. 6. Andrea has decided to try to overcome her fear. Cl E] E] El 7. Andrea's fear of dogs is interfering with her life. It's all In your mind 5 5 What About You? Answer the questions in your own way. 1. List a few things that many people are afraid of. Why do you think people fear these things? Common fem Reason bee stings are Painful 2. Do you know anyone who has an irrational phobia? Do you feel sympathy for that person? Why or why not? 3. What advice would you give to someone who wants to get over a phobia? LESSON 4 Dear Dr. Dream. Recently I've dreamt that all my Ask Dr. Dream teeth were falling out. It didn't hurt. butitwasa horrible feeling. I didn’t know why they were falling out. and I couldn't stop it. It was really weird and disturbing. I've had a lot of dental work done in the past. and I think my dream must reflect a fear of losing my teeth. Am I right? Derek 8. Banbury, England Dear Derek. Losing teeth Is actually a very common dream. In my experience. a dream about losing teeth is a rellection of the dreamers concern with his or her appearance. ‘\fter all. otir smiles are one of the first things people notice 56 UNI‘I’ 5 Read the letters to a dream interpreter and his responses. \\ hen they meel us. In our society. we place a high value on good looks. and teeth play an important role in com eying an attractive image. Consider how you feel about your appeamnce, :\re you norn‘ed about what you look like? Once you accept yourself for who you are without “unying about impressing others with your looks. the dreams should stop. Dr. Dream Dear Dr. Dream. I feel a little strange writing about this dream I had a few nights ago, but it's really been bugging me. so here goes. I dreamed that I was on the bus going to work when I suddenly realized that I didn't have any clothes on! I was so embarrassed! It was a really awful feeling. But the thing that was really strange about the dream was that no one else seemed to notice that I wasn't wearing anything. I'm really confused about this dream and a little worried. I'm afraid it's an indication that something bad is going to happen to me. Can you help? Kimberly P. Montreal, Canada Dear Kimberly. First of all. dreams are not predictions of the future, so don't wony that something had is going to happen. My theory is that you feel vulnerable. afraid people will judge you or make fun of you. Clothes hide our bodies. Without them. we might feel like people can see \\ ho we really are. As for the fact that no one else noticed you weren't wearing anything. that's your unconscious communicating with you. It's trying to shun you that your anxiety is needless. No one is going to notice or care about what you do as much as you will. Dr. Dream Now answer the questions, according to the Information in the letters and responses. 1. What does Derek think his dream means? 2. How does Dr. Dream interpret Derek's dream? 3. Which interpretation do you agree with? Why? Or what is your own interpretation of Derek's dream? 4. What does Kimberly think her dream means? , _. 5. How does Dr. Dream interpret Kimberly‘s dream? 6. Which interpretation do you agree with? Why? Or what is your own interpretation of Kimberly’s dream? .. Complete the sentences with the correct participial adjectives. Use the present or past participle form of the underlined verbs. 1. Dream interpreters' ideas about dreams sometimes 51am: People. Their ideas can be startling People are sometimes startled by dream interpreters' ideas. 2. I have a recurring dream that really disturbs me. My dream is really . .. .V . .. , I am by that dream. 3. Nightmares can really tighten children and adults. Children and adults can be . __ .. ....... when they have nightmares. Nightmares can be for people of all ages. 4. Dreams can be hard to understand. Sometimes they confuse us. Dreams are sometimes A People are sometimes by their dreams. 5. Have you ever had a dream that really fascinates you? Have you ever had a really V _. .. dream? Have you ever been by a dream? It’s all In your mind 5 7 Grammar Booster u Complete each sentence. Circle the correct word. 1. A cloud I clap I gust of smoke covered the burning building. There's a can I box I tube of detergent for the dishwasher under the sink. Would you mind picking up a loaf l carton I liter of bread for dinner? A clap I bolt I ray of sunshine cut through the cloudy sky. I'd like a liter I cup I glass of coffee with cream and sugar. please. The recipe calls for one drop I clove I bar of garlic. A drop I bar I gust of wind lifted the kite into the sky. S9999.” E Completeeachsentencewithaphnsefromthebox. Eachwordmaybeusedmorethanonce. an act of a piece of a sense of a state of 1. Let me give you advice. 2. After the changes were implemented, many of the employees were in confusion. Mrs. Carson always maintains ,, control in her classroom. The students' refusal to attend classes was .. __ _. defiance. After finally finishing the project, we enjoyed . accomplishment. To do this job, it's really helpful to have humor. That's just , gossip. I wouldn't pay any attention to it. essays-s» After standing empty for over 20 years, the old house was in ............. . disrepair. Completeoachsentencewlthawordfromthobox. Addglfnecessary. Eachwordmaybeusedmore thanonee. fear superstition time victory 1. I remember when life was simpler. Things were very different then. 2. Deborah Richard's election to the presidency represents _ ,. , for women. . There's evidence of interest and belief in in cultures worldwide. 4. Hearing the strange noise, we all felt alarmed and looked at one other with . Athletes experience the joys of __ . . as well as the pains of defeat. 3 5 ..... 6. According to that I just recently heard, it's bad luck to walk under a ladder. 7. Neil is afraid of flying. it's . . H H 7 he's had since he was a child. . Do you have to go get something to eat? 58 UNIT 5 E Complete the sentences with g or the. Write X ifthe noun should not have an article. 1. People in different parts of world have varied superstitions. For example, in some cultures number 13 is considered unlucky. while in others 4 is an unlucky number, and in still others 17 is thought to be bad luck. 2. Bill gave me glass of water to drink. He said that water at his house goes through . special filtering system. 3. Lucy bought car last month. car isn't brand new; she bought it from neighbor who had driven it for less than year. But it's in good condition, and Lucy thinks she paid V. fair price for it. 4. If you’re in the mood for Japanese food, I know . i. good restaurant that's not too far from here. restaurant just opened recently, but it's already become one of most popular places in town. 5. success that Jackie has had is because she's hard worker. It has nothing to do with luck. 6. According to recent news program, rich in this country are getting richer, while . poor are getting poorer. It's all In your mind 59 Writing: Describe a fear Step 1. Prewriting. 'Freewriting” for ideas. 0 Choose a fear that you have. On a separate sheet of paper, write for five to ten minutes any words, phrases, statements, or questions about the topic that come to mind. 0 Consider exactly what you are afraid of, where the fear came from, how it makes you feel, how it affects your life, and how you might overcome it. 0 Write quickly. Do not take time to correct spelling, punctuation, organization, etc. 0 Read what you wrote. Circle ideas that go together and add more details. Step 2. Writing. On a separate sheet of paper, describe your fear. Use your freewriting notes for ideas. [I Does every sentence have a subject and a verb? Underline all the subjects and circle all the verbs. I'm afraid of upsetting other people. i D Do the subjects and verbs agree? Correct errors It's not a fear that actually causes me 1 in agreement. fright—tor me it’s more like I feel very 1 nervous about doing something that E someone else won't like. This fear ' probably stems from my childhood l when mymotherinsistedthatlalways E consider how my words and actions ; would affect other people. Now I rarely do anything without thinking about . what other peoplewillthink. Thisfear l isacmallyabitannoyingbecauseit I meansthatlfeelinhibitedtodoalotof I things that other people do easily. For ‘I example, if I receive poor service at a 1 restaurant, I likely won't complain because I think the waiter will get angry with me. I know in my head this dom't makemudisense,butitstillfeelsreal | for me. I want to OVel'COme my fear, and Ithinkthewaytodothatisbydoing things that I’m afraid of or anxious about. I think that little by little I might be able to overcome my fear. ran- 1 4- -4' ,~ 7.9 I" , . . 60 UNIT 5 ...
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